Emma Goldman's Women Continued

A-M  N • O •  P •  Q •  R •  S •  T •  U •  V •  W •  X •  YZ


N ----

Mrs. and Mr. N.

N., Mrs., and Mr., (nd )- pseudonyms for a couple who hid EG from the police in Chicago when she was wanted for McKinley’s murder (LML 298).

Maud Nathan


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maud_Nathan (accessed 8/22/11)

Nathan, Maud [Mrs. Frederick] (1862-1946)social welfare reformer and suffragist, she was active in the National Consumer’s League and the National Council of Jewish Women. She subscribed to Mother Earth.  (James, James and Boyer 608-609.

Gertrude E. Nafe

Nafe, Gertrude E. (nd) – Denver teacher, she was a friend of EG, and helped organize EG’s lectures in Denver; she wrote an essay called “Colorado” on the Ludlow massacre for Mother Earth (June 1914); organized the Caplan and Schmidt defense league in Denver. She was fired from her teaching position for anti-conscription activities (D & D 9, 24).

Rose Nathanson

Nathanson, Rose – American comrade who worked with Fitzi Fitzgerald to fight for Mooney and for amnesty for political prisoners during EG’s imprisonment at Jefferson City (LML 699).

Rita Nauhel

Nauhel, Rita (nd) – activist in Mujeres Libres (The Anarchist Encyclopedia http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/gallery/galleryindex.htm#a) (accessed 7/26/11).

Margaret Naumburg

Naumburg, Margaret (nd) – wrote articles for The Modern School (MSM 172).

Margaret Naumann

Naumann, Margaret (nd) – head of Children’s School, a Walden school in New York (AV 245).

Encarna Navarro

Navarro, Encarna (nd) -  activist in Arupación Cultural Femenina and Mujeres Libres (The Anarchist Encyclopedia http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/gallery/galleryindex.htm#a) (accessed 7/26/11)

Alla Nazimova


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/08/NazimovaDoll%27sHouse.jpg/220px-NazimovaDoll%27sHouse.jpg (Accessed 8/13/110


Nazimova, Alla (1879-1945) – Russian actress and member of Pavel Orlenev’s theater group, which EG befriended and managed (under the pseudonym E.G. Smith); Nazimova had a successful stage and film career and was acclaimed as an “intriguing free spirit” (Falk II 536; LML 366). In 1906 the troop gave a benefit performance to raise money to launch EG’s journal Mother Earth.

Helen Nearing

Nearing, Helen (nd) – author with husband Scott of Living the Good Life and advocate of organic farming (AV 510 fn 397).

Caroline Nelson

Nelson, Caroline (nd) – west coast I.W.W. organizer and birth control advocate, she wrote an essay on birth control for ISR called ”Neo-Malthusianism,” ISR 14.4  (10/13): 228-230); she spoke with EG at anti-war and birth control lectures in Butte. She wrote “The Power of the Press,” The Blast 1.4 (2/5/16): 36, and also wrote for Industrial Worker, S.F. Revolt, Toiler, The Woman Rebel (Falk III J; ME 9.7 (9/14): 231; Longa 279).

Rilla Nelson

Nelson, Rilla (nd) - she and her husband Walter let EG speak at their home, 1340 Wilmot St., in Ann Arbor, when police prohibited her talk at Woodsman’s Hall. (Inglis 63).

Emma Neri

Neri, Emma (1897-1978) – Italian anarchist and antifascist, she and her partner Nello Garavini escaped from fascist Italy and settled in Brazil; they participated in the anticlerical league, then returned to Italy in 1947 and continued participation in the anarchist movement (Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/19 (accessed 7/30/11).

Agnes Nestor


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agnes_Nestor (Accessed 08/11/11)


Nestor, Agnes (1880-1948) – leader of 1902 women glove makers strike in Chicago, she was a co-founder of the Women’s Trade Union League (Jacoby 25)

Annie Netter

Netter, Annie (nd) – active in the Knights of Labor and Pioneers of Liberty, her home was a gathering place for young radicals. “An ardent worker, she gave unstintingly of her time and meager earnings” (LML 55); a close friend of EG, Netter was “always big and generous” (LML 157). She married EG’s friend, anarchist Michael Cohn.

Clara Newcome

Newcome, Clara (nd) – wrote “Neo-Malthusianism – What It Is,” for Margaret Sanger’s journal The Woman Rebel 1: 4 (June 1914) (Longa 279).

Pauline Newman


http://jwa.org/system/files/mediaobjects/Newman-Pauline.jpg (accessed 8/13/11)

Newman, Pauline (1887-1986) – radical Jewish labor leader who helped organize “the Uprising of the 20,000” and rose to prominence in the ILGWU (Orleck, 53-57, passim).

Maroussia "Maria" Nikiforova


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Nikiforova (accessed 8/22/11)

Nikiforova, Maroussia “Maria” (1885-1919) – helped form anarchist Black Guard; she fought with Makhno’s guerrilla army in the Ukraine (S &VDW 334). She was known as a skilled orator.

Anita Nogues

Nogues, Anita (nd) – active in Mujeres Libres in Granollers, Spain (The Anarchist Encyclopedia http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/gallery/galleryindex.htm#a) (accessed 7/26/11).

Ruth Norlander

Norlander, Ruth (nd) –she and her partner Eve Adams sold Mother Earth, The Masses, and other radical papers around the U.S.; later they ran a gay-friendly anarchist café in Chicago called The Gray Cottage (Kissack, 175).

Grace Fallow Norton

Norton, Grace Fallow (1876-??) – contributed poems to Mother Earth, including “The Arbiter,” 3.8 (10/08); 3.4 (6/08); 3/10 (12/08), and others.

Dr. Natasha Notkin

Notkin, Dr. Natasha (nd) – anarchist and pharmacist, friend of EG; she worked with de Cleyre in the Ladies Liberal League of Philadelphia, distributed anarchist literature, and raised money for AB’s defense fund. (LML 196; Falk II 537). Goldman commented, “She was the true type of Russian woman revolutionist, with no other interests in life but the movement” (LML 123).

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O ----

Maria Occhipinti


http://www.estelnegre.org/documents/occhipinti/occhipinti.html (accessed 8/22/11)

Occhipinti, Maria (1921-1996) - Sicilian anarchist and pacifist, she wrote an autobiography entitled A Woman from Ragusa (1957). She was arrested and imprisoned for her role in anti-draft actions in 1945. (Ephéméride Anarchiste (http://www.ephemanar.net/juillet29.html#occhipinti (accessed 7/25/11).

Kate Richards O'Hare (center)


http://www.niu.edu/~rfeurer/labor/biography.html (Accessed 08/13/11)


O’Hare, Kate Richards (1876-1948) – socialist and prison reformer, she shared a prison cell with EG in Missouri; she wrote for Appeal to Reason, The Melting Pot, and National Rip-Saw and campaigned against prison contract labor (Falk III J). In a June 15, 1919 letter from EG in Jefferson City Prison to Stella Ballantine in New York, EG commented on their friendship: “Some people are asking Kate how she is getting on with EG. She wrote them that as far as we are concerned, the [spirit] of Marx and Bakunin can rest in peace” (Microfilm reel 11, p. 5 of letter).

Anna Edelstein Olay

Olay, Anna Edelstein (nd) – Chicago anarchist, member of Free Society Group (AV 213). With her husband Maximiliano Olay, she ran the Spanish Labor Press Bureau, a news service for the anarchists during the Spanish revolution (Zimmer 424).

Cora Older


http://www.cupertino.com/attractions/fremont-older-home.html (accessed 8/22/11)

Older, [Mrs. Fremont] Cora (nd) – San Francisco novelist and suffragist, she made 50 speeches in support of labor issues, including the Lawrence strike and the San Diego free speech fight. She subscribed to Mother Earth and shared the speakers’ platform with EG in San Francisco (ME 7:4 (6/12): 129; Leonard 608-609).

Louise Olivereau


http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&file_id=3483 (Accessed 06/13/11)


Olivereau, Louise (1884-1963) – Seattle anarchist, poet and teacher; EG called her ”An idealist of the finest type of American womanhood” (LML 641); she worked at the Ferrer Modern Day School in Portland, and for the I.W.W. in Seattle; she helped organize EG’s lectures in Portland. She served two years in prison for anti-conscription activism, and corresponded with EG in Jefferson City Prison when Olivereau was in Canyon City, CO (Jan 31, 1918, Microfilm reel 11). She contributed to Mother Earth Bulletin after EG and AB were imprisoned and Mother Earth closed down (Longa 192; Foner 323).

Ruth Olsen

Olsen, Ruth (nd) – young artist and rebel, she helped arrange EG’s meetings in Minneapolis (ME 6.1 (4/11): 53-54).

Leonora O’Reilly



O’Reilly, Leonora (1870-1927) – labor organizer and orator, she was active in the Knights of Labor, the ILGWU, and the Women’s Trade Union League. She subscribed to Mother Earth (James, James and Boyer 652-653).

Margarita Ortega


http://www.esacademic.com/dic.nsf/eswiki/774992 (accessed 8/22/11)

Ortega, Margarita (nd)– a Mexican teacher who joined the anarchist PLM; an excellent horsewoman and marksman, she fought with the PLM and was recognized in the Magón brothers’ journal Regeneración; she was exiled to the U.S., escaped from prison and was eventually executed by the Mexican authorities. She was the mother of Rosaura (“Revolutionary Portraits”).

Rosaura Ortega

Ortega, Rosaura (nd) – Mexican revolutionary, she joined her mother Margarita in fighting for the PLM, saying “Let us saddle our horses and throw ourselves into the struggle for the redemption of the working class.” (“Revolutionary Portraits”).

Shaindel Bluestein Ostroff

Ostroff, Shaindel Bluestein (nd) – member of the Radical Library Group in Philadelphia, she ran the Children’s House at Sunrise Colony (AV 306, 298).

Edith Otis

Otis, Edith (nd) – one of Miss Otis’s four daughters at the Children’s Playhouse,she  later taught at the Henry Street Settlement (MSM 289).

Miss Otis

Otis, Miss (nd) – Philadelphia philanthropist, she subsidized the Children’s Playhouse in New York where Elizabeth and Alexis Ferm first taught (AV 276).

Elise Ottesen-Jensen



Ottesen-Jensen, Elise [Ottar](1886-1973) – Swedish anarchist and feminist, she was a writer, teacher and journalist; she fought for birth control and proclaimed as her personal motto, “"I dream of the day when every new born child is welcome, when men and women are equal, and when sexuality is an expression of intimacy, joy and tenderness." She was a member of the Swedish anarcho-syndicalist union, the Central Organization of the Workers of Sweden, and wrote for anarchist journals Arbetaren and Brand. She helped found the International Planned Parenthood Association (IPPF).  (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elise_Ottesen-Jensen (accessed 7/25/11).


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P ----

Mrs. Ambrogio Pagani

Pagani, Mrs. Ambrogio (nd)Italian anarchist, she was arrested during the 1913 Patterson silk strike and sentenced to 50 days in jail for insulting a policy officer (Zimmer, 205).

Dorothy Parker


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/04/Young_Dorothy_Parker.jpg/240px-Young_Dorothy_Parker.jpg (accessed 8/13/11)


Parker, Dorothy (1893-1967) – American poet and short story writer, she was politicized by the Sacco and Vanzetti case and  joined the committees opposing the deportation of two San Francisco anarchists, Ferraro and Sallitto, and of Markus Graham, editor of Man! (Zimmer 412, 414).

Mrs. Parker

Parker, Mrs. (nd) – supported EG’s talks in Seattle (ME 9.7 9/14).

Mary C. Parker

Parker, Mary C. (nd) – Pine Island, Minnesota reader of Lucifer, The Light Bearer, she wrote to editor Moses Harmon (Dec 22, 1897: 407) to discuss Rose Graul’s feminist novel Hilda’s Home (Passet, HH 321 fn 20).

Lucy E. Parsons


http://www.lucyparsonsproject.org/about_lucyparsons.html (Accessed 08/13/11)


Parsons, Lucy E. (1853-1942) - Chicago anarchist, writer, orator, and labor activist, she participated in the founding convention of the I.W.W. in 1905; editor of Freedom and The Liberator, she also wrote for The Rebel, The Alarm, and Free Society; while she joined EG in addressing birth control and women’s rights, she criticized anarchist advocacy of free love; she was married to Haymarket martyr Albert Parsons (Falk I 550; Falk II 537; Longa 95).

Annie Pastor

Pastor, Annie (nd) – attended talk on Czolsgoz and was assaulted by the police; EG reported the event in Mother Earth (Nov 1906) (Falk II 197).

Soledad Pastor Serrano


http://militants-anarchistes.info/spip.php?article4482&lang=fr (accessed 8/22/11)

Pastor Serrano, Soledad – (?-1936) – she was assassinated by phalangists in revenge for their failure to capture her son, Rafael Cuesta Pastor, a CNT activist (“Pastor Serrano, Soledad”).

Hélène Patou


http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/Encyclopedia/misc/@fotos.htm (accessed 8/13/11)

Patou, Hélène (1902-1977) – French textile worker who became an anarchist, lived at the anarchist colonies of Vaux and Bascon, and joined the Durruti column to fight with the anarchists in the Spanish revolution. She was a model for several artists, including Matisse and Picabia (Hélène Patou,” Anarchopedia (http://fra.anarchopedia.org/H%C3%A9l%C3%A8ne_Patou (accessed 7/6/11).

Susan Patton

Patton, Susan (nd) – Philadelphia anarchist, corresponded with AB in prison; contributed to Free Society (Falk II 132 fn 2); EG remarked, “A most interesting woman…a fine spirit” (LML 196).

Alice Paul


http://www.alicepaul.org/alicepaul.htm (accessed 8/22/11)

Paul, Alice (1885-1977) militant suffrage leader, co-founder of the National Women’s Party; she subscribed to Mother Earth (Ware and Braukman 501-502).

Marjorie Peacock

Peacock, Marjorie (nd) - “an anarchist of a rather hazy kind…as refreshing as an autumn day in New York.” She was a friend of EG’s in England during exile (LAEG 341-342).

Madeleine Pelletier


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Madeleine_Pelletier.jpg (accessed 8/22/11)

Pelletier, Madeleine (1874-1939)– French physician, writer, feminist and anarchist, she wrote for numerous radical journals; during World War I she worked for the Red Cross, treating the wounded of both sides; she frequently cross-dressed, writing "I will show off mine [breasts] when men adopt a special sort of trouser to show off their...". (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madeleine_Pelletier (accessed 7/6/11).

Mattie D. Penhallow

Penhallow, Mattie D. (nd) – the postmistress at Home Colony, she was arrested for mailing Lois Waisbrooker’s paper Clothed with the Sun in violation of the Comstock laws. Panhallow was acquitted, but the federal government retaliated by closing Home’s post office (Longa 162).

Myra Peppers

Peppers, Myra (nd) – Ottumwa, Iowa, reader of Lucifer, The Light Bearer; she wrote to editor Moses Harmon about the feminist novel Hilda’s Home (Jan 6, 1898: 43) (Passet, HH 322 fn 25, fn 31); she later contributed “Does It Pay to Be a Radical” to Lucifer, The Light Bearer 993 (Oct 29-1903)(Longa 163); she also wrote “Teaching Sexual Truths to the Children,” Firebrand 3:19 (June 13, 1897) and contributed to Free Society (Longa 69, 81).

Mrs. Mary C. Percy

Percy, Mrs. Mary C. (nd)artist, suffragist, member of the League for Political Education; she subscribed to Mother Earth (Leonard 638).

Concha Perez


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/24 (accessed 8/5/11)

Perez, Concha (nd) – Spanish anarchist, she joined an anarchist affinity group at age 14 and later fought in the anarchist militia in Barcelona (S&VDW 334; Ackelsberg 93).

María Bruguera Pérez



Pérez, María Bruguera (1915-1992) – Spanish anarchist, she was active in the libertarian youth league and a radical theatre group, “Ni Dios ni Amo;” she was active in Mujeres Libres in exile (“María Bruguera Pérez”).


Frances Perkins


http://www.nwhm.org/media/category/exhibits/partners/Ch23FrancisPerkins.jpg (accessed 8/13/11)

Perkins, Frances (1880-1965) – Secretary of Labor under FDR, she granted EG a 90 day visa in 1934 (AV 494 fn 183; D&D 231).


Sophia Perovskaya


http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSperovskaya.htm (Accessed 08/13/11)


Perovskaya, Sophia (1854-1881) – Russian revolutionary, she was the first woman political prisoner to be executed; her rebellion was an inspiration for EG (Falk II 538; LML 362).

Lottie Persky

Persky [Perski], Lottie (nd) – delegate of Women’s Branch of United Brotherhood of Tailors; she and EG met during the 1896 tailor’s strike, under circumstances that EG described as cordial but the New York World reported as hostile (Falk I 219).

Esther Pesotta

Pesotta, Esther (nd) - she participated in the “Uprising of the 20,000.” She was the older sister of Rose Pesotta (Zimmer 114).

Rose Pesotta


http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/Encyclopedia/SaccoVanzetti/databaseEntries.htm (Accessed 08/13/11)


Pesotta, Rose (1896-1965) – New York anarchist, friend of EG, she helped publish Road to Freedom; she was an activist in ILGWU and one of the signers of a labor tract from The Anarchist Workers’ Group for the Union of New York Cloak and Dressmakers (AV p. 149, 346; FVL).

Balbina Pi Sanllehy


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/6 (accessed 8/22/11)

Pi Sanllehy, Balbina (1896-1973) – Spanish anarcho-syndicalist, she was a textile worker who joined the CNT and worked for the revolution; after the anarchists were defeated, she worked with the SIA in exile in France. (Anarchofemèmerides, June 7 http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/6 (accessed 7/27/11).

May Picqueray


http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/Encyclopedia/SaccoVanzetti/databaseEntries.htm (Accessed 08/11/11)


Picqueray, May (1893-1983) – French anarchist, she helped free EG’s friend Senya Fleishin from a Bolshevik Prison, fought to free Sacco and Vanzetti, and founded the journal Le Réfractaire (Bleed).

Ida (later Isca) Pilat


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/10 (accessed 8/22/11)

Pilat, Ida  (later Isca) (1896-1890) – New York and Mohegan Colony anarchist, she was a professional translator and a member of the Libertarian Book Club; she was married to Velerio Isca (AV 143).

Mary Pine

Pine, Mary (nd) – one of the Provincetown Bohemian intellectual group that EG met when staying with Stella Ballantine (LML 583).

Elba Piñeyro



Piñeyro, Elba (1916-2007) – Argentinian anarchist, she was connected to the journal Hombre de América; she belonged to the Libertarian Federation of Argentina, where she organized picnics and other cultural events. She was the partner of anarchist Enrique Palazzo. (Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/6 (accessed 8/2/11)

Sonia Pinski

Pinski, Sonia (nd) – one of the signers of a labor tract from The Anarchist Working Group for the Union of New York Cloak and Dressmakers (FVL).

Maxima Piranni

Piranni, Maxima (nd) – participated in dramas and lectures at anarchist club “Twenty Third Street,” and helped build the school at Stelton Colony; she was the wife of Alberico Piranni (AV 143).

Silvia Pisacane

Pisacane, Silvia (1852-1888)Italian anarchist, she participated in the Matese anarchist insurrection in 1877. She was the daughter of revolutionary Carlo Pisacane (The Daily Bleed (accessed 7/25/11).

Marie E. J. Pitt


http://www.hootonics.org/biography/ (accessed 8/22/11)

Pitt, Marie E. J. (1869-1948) – Australian anarchist, feminist poet and Christian pacifist. She was the partner of poet Bernard O’Dowd (“Marie E.J. Pitt”).

Amparo Poch y Gascón


http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/Encyclopedia/misc/@fotos.htm (accessed 8/22/11)

Poch y Gascón, Amparo – Spanish anarchist, feminist, writer, and physician, she helped found Mujeres Libres http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amparo_Poch_y_Gasc%C3%B3n (accessed 7/6/11).

Rose Frumkin Pogrebysky

Pogrebysky, Rose Frumkin (nd) – attended Nellie Dick’s nursery school, run on Ferrer principles, and the Modern School at Stelton Colony; she was the sister of Ben Frunkin and the daughter of Leibush Frumkin (AV 250).

Theodora Pollock

Pollock, Theodora (nd) – wrote “The Tragedy of the Hop Fields,” Everyman 10: 2-3 (April-May 1914): 12-16, detailing the August, 1913 hop pickers’ strike in California, in which I.W.W. organizers Ford and Suhr organized a multinational crowd of “Hindus, Japanese, Negroes, whites” (12) to protest very low wages and terrible working conditions. Two strikers were killed, one hanged himself in custody, 3 more brutally beaten; 2 law enforcement officers killed, for which Ford and Suhr were convicted, but no one was convicted of killing or injuring the workers.

Margaret Politzer

Politzer, Margaret (nd) – head of the Walden School, New York (AV 245).

Macie Pope

Pope, Macie (nd) – lived at Home Colony, recalled setting type for their paper The New Era on a small hand press (AV 291).

Nadejda Popova


http://militants-anarchistes.info/spip.php?article4797&lang=fr (accessed 8/22/11)

Popova, Nadejda (1905-1932) – Bulgarian anarchist who gave birth to her son in prison (“Nadejda Popova”).

Suceso Portalis


http://www.ephemanar.net/mars04.html (accessed 8/22/11)

Portales, Suceso [María Suceso Portales Casamar] (1894-1999) – Spanish anarchist and feminist, she helped found Mujeres Libres; in the 1960s she helped to reestablish the journal Mujeres Libres (Acklesberg 22-24; Anarchofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/15 (accessed 7/30/11).

Charlotte Porter

Porter, Charlotte (nd) – co-edited Poet Lore, which EG read regularly for her analysis of contemporary literature (Falk II 553).

Katherine Anne Porter


http://www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap7/porter.html (Accessed 08/13/11)


Porter, Katherine Anne(1890-1980) – Pullitzer prize-winning writer, she was arrested for protesting the execution of Sacco &Vanzetti (MSM 320).

Henrietta Posner

Posner, Henrietta (nd) – corresponded with EG, Feb 15, 1935, about birth control and prisons in Russia (Microfilm reel 33).

Dorothy Lillian Post

Post, Dorothy Lillian (nd) – wrote for the second Mother Earth (1933-34) edited by Jo Ann Wheeler (Longa 190).


Grace Potter

Potter, Grace (nd) – New York social worker, psychoanalyst, and journalist, and member of the Heterodoxy Club; she wrote “Water from the River,” Mother Earth 3.6 8/08: 266-267; she was secretary of the 1909 Free Speech Committee, and signed the Free Speech document published in Mother Earth (June 1909); she wrote “What We Did to Bernard Carlin,” protesting capital punishment, in Everyman 11: 1 (May 1915): 28-29; (Falk II 424 fn 12, 447 fn 8). She was the author of “Women Shirt-Waist Strikers Command Sympathy of Public,” New York Call (December 12, 1909): 14. Probably the same Grace Potter who subscribed to Mother Earth.

Mrs. Potter

Potter, Mrs. (nd) – ran the Living House at the Playhouse School in New York (AV 277).

Hilda L. Potter-Loomis

Potter-Loomis, Hilda L. (nd) – contributed to American Journal of Eugenics, which was the continuation of Lucifer, The Light Bearer, edited by sex radical Moses Harman; and to Instead of a Magazine (Longa 20, 114).

Dolors Prat Coll


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/15 (accessed 8/22/11)

Prat Coll, Dolors (1905-2001) – a textile worker in the Catalan area, she joined the CNT and became known as “la petita Montseny” for her strong spirit. After the defeat of the anarchists, she spent time in one of the refugee camps in France, then snuck back into Spain, continuing her work with the CNT and the SIA (Anarcofemèmerides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/15 (accessed 7/30/11).

Iolana Prato

Prato, Iolana (nd) - with her husband Bruno Bonturi, she migrated to Barcelona in 1934 and was active in anarchist circles before being expelled from Spain, allegedly for prostitution (Zimmer 438).

Caroline Pratt

Pratt, Caroline (nd) – wrote articles for The Modern School magazine and visited Stelton (MSM 172, 303).

Elsie Pratt

Pratt, Elsie (nd) – assisted William Thurston Brown in teaching and directing the Walt Whitman School in Los Angeles and Stelton Modern School; she served on the editorial board of The Modern School magazine (MSM 273, 249; AV 232; Longa 175).

Molly Price

Price, Molly (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Los Angeles (ME 9.6 (8/14): 205)

Dora Ris (Dori) Prudhommeaux,

Prudhommeaux, Dora Ris (Dori) (1907-1988)a Swiss anarchist, she and her partner, anarchist André Prudhommeaux, wrote for the libertarian press; they went to Spain during the revolution and wrote several anti-fascist tracts (“André Prudhommeaux”).

Marià Pujol

Pujol, MariàSpanish anarchist, she was active in the CNT during the revolution and participated in the 1931 CNT congress (“Pujol, Marià”).

Fannie Pyburn

Pyburn, Fannie (nd) – hosted EG in Sacramento (ME 7.4 (6/12)).

Laurie Pyle

Pyle, Laurie (nd) – hosted EG in Toledo (ME 2.2 (4/07).


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Esther Rabinowitch

Rabinowitch, Esther (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Minneapolis (ME 7/2 (4/12): 52-53).

Leda Rafanelli


http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/efts/IWW/Portraits/HTML/A0242.html (accessed 8/22/11)

Rafanelli, Leda (1880-1971) – Italian anarchist writer and mystic, she edited several radical publications and helped establish a publishing house which printed the works of Stirner and Nietzsche; she had an early affair with Mussolini when he was the editor of the socialist publication Avanti! and later published his letters in Una donna e Mussolini. She was a vocal opponent of colonialism and eventually converted to Islam(Andreucci, “Rafanelli, Leda”).

Dachine Rainer

Rainer, Dachine [Sylvia Newman] (nd) – American-born anarchist and writer, she grew up in Manhattan in a progressive family of Polish Jews and was radicalized by the Sacco and Vanzetti case. With Holley Cantine, she edited the anarchist journal Retort, the newspaper The Wasp, and a collection of prison writings by conscientious objectors entitled Prison Etiquette. She lived much of her life in England. (AV 526 fn 619; “Dachine Rainer”).

Mary Ramsey

Ramsey, Mary (nd) - helped EG organize a campaign against capital punishment in the Toronto schools (LML 992).

Carrie Rand and son

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/d/d9/Herron-carrie-rand.jpg (accessed 8/13/11)

Rand, Carrie (1867-1914) – with partner George Herron, she founded the Rand School, a socialist school in New York City which lasted for 50 years. Her mother, also named Carrie Rand, was wealthy widow who sponsored the school. She was the subject of a novel by Leonard Abbot, A Socialist Wedding (NY: Knickerbocker Press, 1901) (Falk II, 217 fn 6; 107 fn 9l MSM 185; Hillquit, 65).

Rebekah E., "Reb" Raney

Raney, Rebekah E., “Reb" (nd) –  anarchist, nurse, birth control activist; she contributed poetry to Mother Earth and The Blast; she helped organize EG’s talks in San Francisco; she wrote an appeal to Edward Swann, the district attorney of New York, in EG’s birth control trial, and she wrote “Hoist the Flag of Betterment,” The Blast 1.14 (June 1, 1916): 121(Longa 31). She distributed 5000 pamphlets on preventing conception during a meeting in defense of EG, who had been arrested in New York City for the same offense. An Italian anarchist group, Volontà Group, translated it into Italian and distributed 20,000 copies under the heading “WORKERS! Procreate Only When You Like!” (Zimmer 225)

Jeannette Rankin


http://rsparlourtricks.blogspot.com/2007_06_01_archive.html (Accessed 08/13/11)


Rankin, Jeannette (1880-1973) – Congresswoman from Montana; EG wrote in  “The Woman Suffrage Chameleon” that “Jeanette Rankin’s refusal to support the war will do more to bring woman nearer to emancipation than all political measures put together” (ME XII: 3 (May 1917): 78).

Mary "Marucci" Rappaport

Rappaport, Mary “Marucci” (nd) – student at the Ferrer Schools in New York, Stelton, and Stony Ford, she later became a communist (AV 237-239).

Ida Rauh and son Daniel Eastman


http://www.flickr.com/photos/puzzlemaster/4763926882/ (Accessed 08/13/11)


Rauh, Ida (nd) – Greenwich Village socialist, poet, founder and actress in the Provincetown Players, and member of feminist Heterodoxy Club; she investigated the Triangle Shirt Waste Factory fire for the Women’s Trade Union League; she was arrested with Jessie Ashley and Bolton Hall for distributing birth control information and spoke in support of Ben Reitman after his arrest in Rochester for distributing birth control information; she was married to Max Eastman (LML 591; Schwartz 30). She was a member of the New York Publicity Committee for the Alexander Berkman San Francisco Labor Defense (Inglis 47). She subscribed to Mother Earth.

Mme Ravich

Ravich, Mme (nd) – a Bolshevik official “whom I still greatly admired for her simple and unassuming personality and her readiness to admit and undo official abuses” (LML 785).

Lilly Raymond

Raymond, Lilly (nd) – New York anarchist, member of the International Group that published Freedom (AV 434).

Mrs. Reades

Reades, Mrs. (nd) – helped EG organize a campaign against capital punishment in the Toronto schools; also organized EG’s drama lectures (LML 992, 988).

Mildred Rebac

Rebac, Mildred (nd) – secretary of William Morris School, a Modern School in San Francisco (MSM 66).

Minnie Remis

Remis, Minnie (nd) – helped organize EG’s lectures in San Diego (ME 10.6 8/15).

Caroline Remy


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/10 (accessed 8/22/11)

Remy, Caroline [Séverine] (1885-1929) – a French journalist, she was a feminist, libertarian and pacifist; she helped found the League of Human Rights and worked in defense of numerous anarchists including Sacco and Vanzetti (“Caroline Remy”).

Georgia Replogle

Replogle, Georgia (nd) – a compositor and contributor to The Alarm (vol 1 no 4, Dec 17, 1887); she was the coeditor  of Equity (1886-87) and Egoism (1890-97) with her husband Henry Replogle; she wrote an excellent critique of violence against women by their male partners, “The Ethics of Property in Wives,” in Egoism ( May or June 1890) (Longa 55; McElroy, Lib 161; Marsh 55).

Louise Reville

Reville, Louise (nd)– French anarchist feminist and birth control advocate, she helped publish L’Action Feministe in Paris and corresponded with Marie Roda (Zimmer 167-168).

Blenda Palm Reynolds

Reynolds, Blenda Palm (nd) – Kansas reader of Lucifer, The Light Bearer, who wrote to editor Moses Harmon (June 23, 1897: 199) to discuss Rose Graul’s feminist novel Hilda’s Home (Passet, HH 315, 322 fn 27).

Miss Rhodes

Rhodes, Miss (nd) – taught weaving at single-tax colony in Arden, Delaware (MSM 302).

Lady Rhonnda

Rhonnda, Lady (1883-1958) – “A very radical person and a burning feminist,” whom EG met in London through Rebecca West (D & D 35). She organized the British feminist organization called The Six Point Group and helped establish the journal Time and Tide (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Point_Group).

Gladys Richardson

Richardson, Gladys (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in San Francisco (ME 9.6 (8/14): 206).

Dorothy Rick

Rick, Dorothy (nd) – teacher at Mohegan Modern School (AV 259; MSM 324).

Lola Ridge


http://www.poetryconnection.net/poets/chronological/1870to1879 (Accessed 08/13/11)


Ridge, Lola (1873-1941) –  “our gifted rebel poet,” (LML 706); she drew the cover for EG’s “Patriotism” pamphlet and contributed poetry to ME; she was the first manager of the Francisco Ferrer Association in New York and first editor of The Modern School magazine;she was arrested for protesting the execution of Sacco &Vanzetti. She also wrote a poem, “The Effects of Public School Education,” for a special issue of Everyman on the Modern School, edited by Leonard Abbott 10:10 (Dec 1914): 25-26, to which EG contributed “The Child and Its Enemies” (AV 199; Longa 174; MSM 357).

Anna Koch Riedel

Riedel, Anna Koch(nd) – supporter of Mother Earth, she taught basketry, sewing and weaving at Stelton Colony; she wrote “Childhood’s Road to Freedom,” Road to Freedom 3: 1 (Sept 1, 1926) (AV 511 fn 407; Goyens 203; Longa 233).

Lillian Rifkin

Rifkin, Lillian (nd) – teacher at Stelton and earlier at Organic School, Fairhope (MSM 303).

Minnie Parkhurst Rimer

Rimer, Minnie Parkhurst (nd) - wrote the preface for “The Louise Olivereau case, trial and speech to the jury in the federal court of Seattle, Washington,” 1918 (Foner 396).

Fanny W. Robbins

Robbins, Fanny W. (nd) – writing from Summerland, CA, she and Anna Walton corresponded with and sponsored some issues of the anarchist journal The Beacon (vol 2 no 11 (April 18, 1891) and no 12 (April 25, 1891) (Longa 27).

Lucy Robbins

Robbins, Lucy (nd) – founding member of Political Prisoners’ Amnesty League and friend of EG (LML 652, 647).

Ora (Laddon) Robbins

Robbins, Ora (Laddon) (nd) – EG stayed in their home in Toronto and introduced Ora to theater people in New York; she was the daughter of Esther Laddon (AV 76).

Eslanda Robeson


http://beinecke.library.yale.edu/awia/gallery/robeson.html (Accessed 08/13/11)


Robeson, Eslanda (1896-1965) - writer and civil rights reformer, she was married to Paul Robeson. The Robesons were anti-fascist activists and went to Spain during the civil war to show their support for the republic. EG became friends with the Robesons in London during exile, often dining together; EG remembered her as “a delightful person” (LML 982). Their friendship ended when the Robesons turned to the Communist Party (LAEG 342; Sicherman and Green, 584-585).

Anna Robinson

Robinson, Anna (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Los Angeles (ME 9.6 (8/14): 205).

Lona Ingham Robinson

Robinson, Lona Ingham (nd) – a single taxer, she wrote “The Black Art of Our Land Tenure,” Everyman 10:6-7 (Aug-Sept 1914): 13-14.

Sadie Robinson

Robinson, Sadie (nd) – secretary of Road to Freedom group in New York, she helped publish their journal and was married to EG’s friend Van Valkenburgh (AV 149).

Emilia Roca

Roca, Emilia (nd) – EG was impressed by the children’s colony Roca ran in the Pyrenees during the Spanish revolution (Dec 1938); when Barcelona fell to Franco’s forces, Roca took the thirty-three children and two other teachers across the French border to Banyuls-sur-mer. She was the partner of Juan Puig Elias (Feb 1, 1939 letter to EG (Microfilm reel 45).

Millie (Witkop) Rocker and Milly Sabel




Rocker, Millie (Witkop) (1877-19??) – friend of EG and wife of Rudolf Rocker; she was active for many years in the London anarchist movement. The Rockers returned to Germany, then fled to the U.S. to escape the Nazis; they visited EG in Europe (AV 7, 517 fn 475; LAEG 326).

Llibertat Ródenas Dominguez


http://www.estelnegre.org/fotos/llibertatrodenas.jpg (accessed 8/13/11)

Ródenas Dominguez, Llibertat (1892-1970) – Spanish anarchist feminist, she was a CNT orator and she fought with the Durutti column; she was the partner of anarchosyndicalist Josep Viadiu; after the defeat of the anarchists, she went into exile in Mexico (Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/post/96184 (accessed 8/13/11).

Maroa Roda

Roda, Maria (nd) – beautiful young Italian anarchist, she immigrated to the U.S. after a brief imprisonment when her colleague Sante Caserio assassinated French President Carnot in retaliation for the execution of the anarchist Vaillant; she spoke at the Thalia Theatre with Edelstadt and EG; “The voice electrified me…I would be Maria’s teacher, friend, comrade” (LML 150-151). She later married Spanish anarchist Pedro Esteve (Falk I 554).

Henrietta Rodman


http://luirig.altervista.org/naturaitaliana/viewpics.php?title=Henrietta+Buckler (Accessed 0813/11)


Rodman, Henrietta (nd) – teacher, feminist, student of Charlotte Perkins Gilman, charter member of Francisco Ferrer Association, member of the Heterodoxy Club and  Feminist Alliance; she lost her teaching job because she fought discrimination against women (AV 510 fn 395; MSM 141, 142; Schwartz 30). She was a member of the New York Publicity Committee for the Alexander Berkman San Francisco Labor Defense (Inglis 47).

Mrs. Gilbert Roe

Roe, Mrs. Gilbert (nd) – “remained among my staunchest friends and most generous contributors to our work” (LML 484).

Mathilde Roederer

Roederer, Mathilde (nd) – anarchist active in the A.I.T. and the Jura Federation in Switzerland; she was the partner of poet and Communard Charles Keller. (“Roederer, Mathilde”).


Dorothy Giesecke Rogers

Rogers, Dorothy Giesecke (nd) – EG’s comrade and helper in Toronto; she cared for EG during her last illness and her death (AV 425, 296 fn 192).

Rose Rogin

Rogin, Rose (nd) – attended talk on Czolsgosz and was assaulted by police; she was active at the Ferrer Center; her son attended Stelton Modern School (AV 398; Falk II 197 fn 6).

Alice Rohe

Rohe, Alice (nd)journalist, drama critic, and suffragist, she wrote for the Rocky Mountain News, the New York Evening World, and several magazines. She subscribed to Mother Earth (Leonard 700).

Bertha Blackman Rolland

Rolland, Bertha Blackman (nd) – New York anarchist, she married Hugo Rolland and sent their son Siegfried to the Modern School at Stelton (AV 252).

Nelda Rosenthal

Rosenthal, Nelda (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Portland (ME 9.7 9/14).

Helen Rossetti

Rossetti, Helen (nd) – sister of Olivia Rossetti; the Rossetti sisters were the nieces of English painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti; she was 14 years old when EG met her (Kissack 25).

Olivia Rossetti

Rossetti, Olivia (nd) – sister of Helen Rossetti, Olivia was 17 years old when EG met her; the sisters edited the journal The Torch, to which Goldman contributed; both wrote a novel, A Girl Among the Anarchists, under the pseudonym Isabel Meredity (Kissack 25). EG characterized the sisters as “developed in mind and body far beyond their age; they did all the writing for the paper, even setting the type and attending to the press work themselves” (LML 165).

Florence "Fiorina" Rossi

Rossi, Florence “Fiorina” (nd) – member of activist family in Needham, MA, shw was the daughter of Augusto Rossi, a comrade of Sacco and Vanzetti; she was the partner of Raffaele Schiavina, the editor of L’Adunata dei Refrattari, the major Italian anarchist paper in the U.S. (AV 136).

Sara Rothman

Rothman, Sara (nd) – aging anarchist interviewed in Free Voice of Labor.

Juana Rouco Buela



Rouco Buela, Juana (1889-1969) – Spanish anarchist and feminist, she was active in union organizing, speaking, and writing for anarchist journals in Argentina. She helped found the Women’s Anarchist center in Rosaria in 1907 and helped establish the paper La Nueva Senda (The New Path) in Uruguay and the outspoken feminist anarchist paper Nuestra Tribuna (Our Tribune) in Buenos Aires. (Heath, “Buela, Juana Rouco”).

Nelly Roussel


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nelly_Roussel_1896.jpg (accessed 8/22/11)

Roussel, Nelly (1878-1922) – French anarchist, feminist and birth-control advocate, she was a member of the Neo-Malthusian movement and spoke widely about women’s need to control their own sexuality and reproduction http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelly_Roussel (accessed 7/6/11)

Helen Goldblatt Rudome

Rudome, Helen Goldblatt (nd) – participant in Ludlow protests, she was active at the Ferrer Center and lived at Mohegan Colony (AV 253, 254, 270, 280).

Julie Ruedebusch

Ruedebusch, Julie(nd) – Wisconsin anarchist, she attended the banned anarchist congress in Paris with EG in 1900 (LML 246).

Fanny Dal Ry

Ry, Fanny Dal (nd) – wrote “Guerra di razze,” L’Era Nuova (Feb 6, 1915), arguing against “the arbitrary conception of race” and insisting that the only real social division is the international separation between owners and workers (Zimmer 289).

Maria Ryger

Ryger, Maria (1895-1953) – an Italian anarchist who was part of the small minority in that country who supported Italy’s entry into World War I to aid the “Latin peoples” of France and Belgium (Zimmer 282).

Else Rykens

Rykens, Else (nd) – soprano who participated in EG’s fundraiser in London for the Spanish refugees (SIA), April 29, 1938.

Georgette Ryner


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/10 (accessed 8/22/11)

Ryner, Georgette (1895- 1975) – French anarchist poet, writer and teacher, she contributed to numerous anarchist publications, including Liberté and Le Monde Libertaire. She worked with the organization Terre des Hommes to bring assistance to Algerian children during the 1960s. (Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/10 (accessed 7/29/11).

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Milly Sabel

Sabel, Milly – anarchist in London, member of Rudolf and Millie Rocker’s anarchist group (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_Rocker).

Rosina Sacco


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/10 (accessed 8/22/11)

Sacco, Rosina (nd) – anarchist, atheist, wife of Nicola Sacco (AV 92, 107).

Kate Sadler

Sadler, Kate (nd) – member of the Socialist Party of America, she supported anti-militarist stance in World War I and wrote “Lest We Forget,” ISR 15.1 (7/14): 30-32.

Valentina Sáez Izquierdo


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/17 (accessed 8/22/11)

Sáez Izquierdo, Valentina (1903-1984) – Spanish anarchist, she participated in the Revolutionary Committee of Saragossa and the SIA (Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/17 (accessed 7/30/11).

Alonso Matilde Saiz


http://www.estelnegre.org/documents/sansano/matildesaiz.jpg (accessed 8/5/11)

Saiz, Alonso, Matilde (1917-1984) – Spanish anarchist, she participated in the defense of Sant Sebastian and fought with the Columna Roja i Negra; she was the partner of anarchist Francisco Sansano Navaro (Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/post/99627   (accessed 8/511).

Jenny Salemme

Salemme, Jenny (nd) – East Boston anarchist, she was active in anarchist theatrical productions (AV 109-111).

Aurora Alleva Sallitto

Sallitto, Aurora Alleva (nd) – from anarchist family in Philadelphia, she was the wife of Dominick Sallitto and a popular anarchist speaker in the 1920s and 30s (AV 166; Guglielmo 150).

Irma Cassolino Sanchini

Sanchini, Irma Cassolino (nd) – Boston anarchist, wife of Giobbe Sanchini; they were both deported in 1919 (AV 138).

Eleanor Sanders

Sanders, Eleanor (nd) – New York suffragist, a founder of League for Political Education in 1894, she sponsored nonsectarian political lectures and discussions, including Kropotkin’s in 1901 (Falk II 111 fn 4).

Margaret Sanger


http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/04_37/b3899026_mz072.htm (Accessed 08/13/11)


Sanger, Margaret (1879-1966) – birth control activist, she became an anarchist under EG’s influence, later turned away from anarchism; she was the editor of The Woman Rebel and Birth Control Review, and wrote for Mother Earth, International Socialist Review, and an essay for the first issue of AB’s journal The Blast (“Not Guilty,” The Blast (1.1 (1/18/1916): 15). She lectured at the Modern School and contributed to The Modern School Magazine and was a member of the editorial board of the New York Revolt (LAEG 237-245; Falk III J; AV 506 fn 340; Longa 31, 176). She was a member of the New York Publicity Committee for the Alexander Berkman San Francisco Labor Defense (Inglis 47).

Lucía Sánchez Saornil


http://fyeahqueervintage.tumblr.com/post/7160604250/fuckyeahanarchists-lucia-sanchez-saornil-a (accessed 8/22/11)

Saornil, Lucía Sánchez (1895-1970) – Spanish anarchist, feminist, lesbian, and writer, she was active in the CNT and helped found Mujeres Libres; she wrote for numerous anarchist publications and edited the journal Threshold. She was part of the SIA in London with EG, and she urged EG to return to Spain before leaving for Canada (June 27, 1938); she worked for Spanish refugee children in Paris (Feb 25, 1939 letter to EG from Sánchez Saornil in Paris (Microfilm reel 44) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luc%C3%ADa_S%C3%A1nchez_Saornil) (accessed 7/6/11).

Francesca Saperas Miró


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/18 (accessed 8/22/11)

Saperas Miró, Francesca (1951-1933) – Spanish anarchist, she participated in strikes, was connected to the journal Tierra y Libertad, and was part of the international protests against the torture of anarchists in Montjuich prison. (Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/18 (accessed 7/30/11).

Tessie Sapir

Sapir, Tessie (nd) – lived at Fellowship Farm (AV 286).

Lilly Sarnoff

Sarnoff, Lilly (nd) – contributed to Hippolyte Havel’s and Van Valkenberg’s journal Road to Freedom and lived at Stelton Colony (Longa, 231, AV 421). She was the wife of anarcho-syndicalist Rey y García (Zimmer, 399).

Anna Sasnovsky

Sasnovsky, Anna (nd) – with Hippolyte Havel she wrote “The Anarchist Conference: Discussion on Propaganda and Press,” Road to Freedom 1:12 (October, 1925) (Longa 232).

Annie Adama van Scheltema-Kleefstra


http://www.iisg.nl/iisg/adama.php (Accessed 08/13/11)


Scheltema-Kleefstra, Annie Adama van (1884-1977) - librarian at the International Institute for Social History (IISH) in Amsterdam, she wrote to EG, June 15, 1938, inviting AB’s papers and EG-AB correspondence to be stored at IISH.

May Schneider

Schneider, May (nd) – French anarchist, EG’s neighbor in St. Tropez (D & D 52, 280).

Rose Schneiderman


http://jwa.org/teach/golearn/sep08/ (Accessed 08/13/11)


Schneiderman, Rose (1882-1972) –  labor leader who helped organize the “Uprising of the 20,000” in 1909;  Fitzi Fitzgerald mentioned her in a letter to EG, Jan 14, 1939 (Microfilm reel 46) and Harry Weinberger tells EG of Schneiderman’s report from Europe, June 11, 1919 (Microfilm reel 11).

Magda Boris Schoenwetter

Schoenwetter, Magda Boris (nd) – attended New York Modern School and Stelton Modern School, lived with the Cohen’s; her mother was a radical, and her father was Pavel Orleneff, the dancer whose troop EG managed (AV 229).

Olive Schreiner


http://www.oliveschreinerletters.ed.ac.uk/ (Accessed 08/13/11)


Schreiner, Olive (1855-1920) – South African novelist; selections of her work were published in Mother Earth 1.5 (7/06) and in Liberty (McElroy, Lib, 159); with Oscar Wilde, George Bernard Shaw and others, she signed a petition to the Governor of Illinois, Richard Oblesby, to commute the death sentence of the two remaining Haymarket anarchists (Kissack 47-48).

Adelaide Schulkind

Schulkind, Adelaide (nd) - organizer in the League for Mutual Aid, she subscribed to Mother Earth; she was the wife of novelist Waldo Frank.

Emma Heller Schumm

Schumm, Emma Heller (nd) – with husband George Schumm, she worked with Benjamin Tucker, translated Liberty into German, and established the Radical Review in Chicago; her son bought EG’s farm in upstate New York (AV p. 11-13).

Margaretta Schuyler

Schuyler, Margaretta (nd) – served on the editorial board of The Modern School magazine (Longa 175).

Maria Schwab

Schwab, Maria (nd) – member of Socialist Labor Party in San Francisco, she was the wife of Haymarket defendant Michael Schwab and mother of Johanna Altgeld Schwab Thorpe (AV 23).

Mary Schwab

Schwab, Mary (nd) – San Francisco socialist and attorney, she was the first woman assistant district attorney in San Francisco; she was a free speech activist and supported the women and girls in the Oregon Packing Co. strike; she was the daughter-in-law of Maria Schwab (AV 21).

Anna Druz Schwartz

Schwartz, Anna Druz (nd) – New York anarchist, she attended classes at the Ferrer Center, and set up the Work and Play Center at Stelton when the school was closed; she was the last principal of the Modern School at Stelton (MSM 346; AV 237). She contributed to EG’s and AB’s Political Defense Fund, Oct 16 – Feb 15, 1918; the fund also raised money for Louise Olivereau’s appeals as well as other imprisoned radicals (Inglis 88).

Mrs. Zackary Schwartz

Schwartz, Mrs. Zackary (nd) – pupil at Stelton, later a teacher at the Peninsula School of Creative Education in California (AV 239).

Evelyn Scott


http://www.lib.utk.edu/spcoll/online/scotthom.htm (Accessed 08/13/11)


Scott, Evelyn (1893-1963) – novelist from Tennessee, she was a friend and correspondent with EG (LAEG 381; LML 992).

Nelli Scotti

Scotti, Nelli (nd) - contributed to EG’s and AB’s Political Defense Fund, Oct 16 – Feb 15, 1918; the fund also raised money for Louise Olivereau’s appeals as well as other imprisoned radicals. (Inglis 88).

Florence Wooston Seabury

Seabury, Florence Wooston (nd) – socialist, member of Heterodoxy Club (Schwarz 30).

Anna Segata

Segata, Anna (nd) - contributed to EG’s and AB’s Political Defense Fund, Oct 16 – Feb 15, 1918; the fund also raised money for Louise Olivereau’s appeals as well as other imprisoned radicals (Inglis 88).

Nunia Berman Seldes

Seldes, Nunia Berman (nd) – writer; she was a friend and correspondent of EG and financial supporter of anarchism; she distributed Mother Earth in Pittsburgh; she was married to anarchist George Seldes (Falk II 191-193, 542).

Marion Seltzer

Seltzer, Marion (nd) – comrade in Toronto, EG wrote to her Jan 25, 1935 on dismal lack of interest in Montreal (Microfilm reel 33).

Manya Semenoff

Semenoff, Manya (nd) – trusted friend in Russia (LML 922).

Mrs. Semionof

Semionof, Mrs. (nd) – helped organized EG’s talks in Denver (ME 7.3 (5/12): 90).

Sernaker, Germinal

Sernaker, Germinal (nd) - daughter of anarchist Bernard Sernaker, she attended the Modern School at Stelton with her sister Harmony (Avrich, “Mollie Steimer”).

Sernaker, Harmony

Sernaker, Harmony (nd) - daughter of anarchist Bernard Sernaker, she attended the Modern School at Stelton with her sister Germinal (Avrich, “Mollie Steimer”).

Caroline Severance


http://www.flickr.com/photos/7294653@N07/3031294304 (08/13/11)


Severance, Caroline (1820-1914)– California social reformer, she contributed to Lois Waisbrooker’s Foundation Principles (Longa, 75; Passat, Sex Rad, 119)

Grace Gallatin Seton

Seton, Grace Gallatin [Mrs. Ernest Thompson] (nd) – suffragist, feminist, explorer, and writer; as president of the National League of American Pen Women, she established the Biblioteca Femina, a collection of over 2000 writings by women from 37 different countries.  She subscribed to Mother Earth (Sicherman and Green 640-641).

Dr. Juliet H. Severance

Severance, Dr. Juliet H .(nd) – feminist, sex radical, spiritualist; she lectured at the Ferrer Center and wrote for Liberty (MSM 141; McElroy, Ind Fem 12); she wrote “Women’s Liberation” for The Alarm 1:10 (Mar 10, 1888): 1; and “Shall Such Things Continue?” for Solidarity 17 (Feb 1893) (Longa 14, 245). Joanne Passet dubs her “The Woodhull of Wisconsin” (Sex Rad 121-131)

Emma Shane

Shane, Emma (nd) – she and husband Bernard sent a telegram honoring EG at her farewell dinner as she was leaving Canada, May 1-2, 1935 (Microfilm reel 34).


Alexandra Shakol

Shakol, Alexandra (nd) – friend and co-worker on the Museum of the Revolution project in the U.S.S.R. (LML 920).

Helen Shapiro

Shapiro, Helen (nd) – New York anarchist, member of Rising Youth Group (AV 433).

Sophie Shapiro

Shapiro, Sophie (nd) – friend of EG, married to Meyer Shapiro (Falk II 357).

Kate Sharpley


http://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/ (accessed 8/22/11)

Sharpley, Kate (1891-1978) – British anarchist, she was a munitions worker and was active in the shop stewards movement; the Kate Sharpley Library in London is a repository of documents from anarchist pasts and presents (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kate_Sharpley; http://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/ (accessed 7/21/11).

Anna Shatoff

Shatoff, Anna (nd) – lived at the Ferrer Center (AV 278).

Clara Lemlich Shavelson


http://aphdigital.org/GVH/items/show/298 (08/13/11)


Shavelson, Clara Lemlich (nd)- garment worker whose impassioned speech in Yiddish helped launch the 1909 garment workers strike, “The Uprising of 20,000” in 1909 (Orleck).

Florence de Graff Shaw

Shaw, Florence de Graff [Mrs. N. Archibald] (nd) – educator and suffragist, she subscribed to Mother Earth (Leonard 736).

Mary Shaw


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Shaw_(actress (8/13/11)


Shaw, Mary (1854-1929) – actress, “the first to defy American purists with her performances of Ghosts and of Mrs. Warren’s Profession” (LML 527). Shaw recognized the value of EGs work in theater.


Hannag Sheefy-Skeffington


http://multitext.ucc.ie/viewgallery/354 (08/13/11)


Sheefy-Skeffington, Mrs. Hannah(1877-1916) – “distinguished Irish rebel” who spoke at the anti-conscription meeting at Hunt’s Point Palace (LML 604).

Rebecca Shelley

Shelley, Rebecca (nd) – teacher, Emergency Peace Federation delegate to the No-Conscription League; she attended the  organizing meeting of the People’s Council for Democracy and Peace in 1918; Shelley testified on behalf of EG and AB at anti-draft trial (Hillquit 171-172; LML 618).

Olivia F. Shepard

Shepard, Olivia F. (nd) – dress reformer, spiritualist, she worked with Benjamin Tucker to form the American Free Dress League and contributed to The Word (Longa, 281; McElroy, Ind Fem, 72).

Sarah MacDonald Sheridan

Sheridan, Sarah MacDonald (nd) – concert singer and suffragist, she was “interested in the study of political science.” She subscribed to Mother Earth (Leonard 740).

Kate Sherwood

Sherwood, Kate (nd) – feminist and abolitionist in Toledo, Ohio, who intervened to make it possible for EG to lecture there (Falk II 480).

Lena Hendler Shlakman

Shlakman, Lena Hendler (nd) – anarchist in New York and Montreal, she hosted EG for her Montreal lectures; she also hosted Rudolf Rocker and AB; she was married to Louis Shlackman (AV 327; M & M 41, 43).

Claire Fowler Shone

Shone, Claire Fowler (nd) – “our secretary [in London], a skilful organizer and prodigious worker, widely known in labor and trade union ranks” (LML 980-981).

Mrs. Bell C. Shull

Shull, Mrs. Bell C. (nd) – wrote to the anarchist journal The Beacon to praise it (Oct 24, 1889, 12).

Sylvia Shuman

Shuman, Sylvia (nd) – member of Vanguard Group in New York (AV 448).

Kate Siebel

Siebel, Kate (nd) – spoke at the No Conscription Meeting, Hunter’s Point, June 4 1917, as advertized in The Blast, vol 2 no 5, p. 1242 (Inglis 46).

Pauline Sieger

Sieger, Pauline (nd) – spoke with EG at Union Square demonstration, 1893; with EG and 4 other anarchists, she was charged with incitement to riot (Falk I 497).

Maria Silva Cruz


http://www.cdar.org/catalogo.php?idioma=es&gr=&au=0&pag=26 (accessed 8/22/11)

Silva Cruz, Maria (nd)Spanish anarchist nicknamed La Liberteria for her role in the Casas Viejas uprising of 1933 (Heath, “Silva Cruz, Maria”).

Grace Silver

Silver, Grace (nd) – wrote “Canada and the War,” ISR 15.8 (2/15): 479-480.

Margaret de Silver

Silver, Margaret de (nd) – helped EG in her unsuccessful effort to get a second visa to enter the U.S. in 1938; she was a member of the ACLU Board of Directors with EG’s friend Roger Baldwin, and was married to anarchist Carlo Tresca (Pernicone 246).

Concetta Silvestri

Silvestri, Concetta (nd) – comrade of Sacco and Vanzetti, she was active in the Hopedale textile strike in 1913 (AV 107).

Mary Kingsbury Simkhovitch

Simkhovitch, Mary Kingsbury (nd) – director of Village Settlement House, New York (AV 148) (called Greenwich House settlement in Falk II 164 fn 1).

Mrs. Simkin

Simkin, Mrs. (nd) – Jewish anarchist supporter of EG in Toronto (AV 79).

Mary Craig Sinclair


http://www.mswritersandmusicians.com/writers/mary-sinclair.html (Accessed 08/13/11)


Sinclair, Mary Craig (1883-1961) – she and her husband Upton Sinclair organized a “Silent Parade” in front of Rockefeller’s New York office to protest the murder of strikers at Ludlow (LML 535).

Mariola Sirakova


http://libcom.org/history/articles/1904-1925-mariola-sirakova (accessed 8/22/11)

Sirakova, Mariola (1904-1925) – Bulgarian anarchist and actress, she and her partner Gueorgui Cheitanov were ambushed and executed by the authorities in a national campaign against the revolutionary movement (Heath, “Sirakova, Mariola”).

Lena Slackman

Slackman, Lena (nd) – member of Women’s Aid Society in Montreal; EG organized them to raise money for “the persecuted revolutionists in Russia” (LML 992).

Ella Slater

Slater, Ella (nd) – a rural Kansas woman who read the feminist novel Hilda’s Home in Lucifer, The Light Bearer and wrote to editor Moses Harmon  (April 7, 1897: 111) to describe how she “will educate her [daughter] so that she will not want to marry” (Passet, HH 307, 320 fn 1).

Elmina D. Slenker

Slenker, Elmina D. (nd) – free thinker, sex reformer, she contributed to Fair Play, The Kansas Liberal, and Lucifer, The Light Bearer (Longa 59, 116, 153; McElroy, Ind Fem, 72-73)


Dolly (Anna) Sloan (far left)




Sloan, Dolly [Anna] (nd) – birth control activist and socialist organizer at the Lawrence textile strike, 1912; she was listed on stationary of the “Alexander Berkman San Francisco Labor Defense,” a committee formed to fight his extradition. (LML 630) (Sept 9, 1917 letter to Lillian Wald in CN from EG in NY) (Microfilm reel 10). Sloan chaired the welcome dinner at the Brevort Hotel when EG and AB got out of prison; she testified on their behalf at their 1917 anti-draft trial. She was married to painter John Sloan who taught at the Ferrer Center (LML 706, 618; Stansell 249-250).

Rose Slobodinsky

Slobodinsky, Rose (nd) – with Voltarine de Cleyre, she wrote “The Individualist and the Communist: A Dialogue,” Twentieth Century 6:25 (June 18, 1891).

Pauline Slotnikoff

Slotnikoff, Pauline (nd) – attended talk on Czolgosz in 1906 and was assaulted by the police; EG reported on the event in Mother Earth (Nov 1906) (Falk II 197).

Agnes Smedley


http://www.pollingerltd.com/estates/agnes_smedley.htm (Accessed 08/13/11)


Smedley, Agnes (1892-1950) - American writer, she worked for Chinese and Indian independence; EG met her in USSR, calling her “a striking girl, an earnest and true rebel” (LML 905). She visited EG in Europe (LAEG 326) but their friendship ended when Smedley turned to communism.

Lena Smith

Smith, Lena (nd) – member of Fraye Arbeter Shtime Group in Detroit (AV 304, 380).

Pauline Smith

Smith, Pauline (nd) – wrote a remarkable satire on marriage and prostitution for AB’s journal The Blast, calling prostitutes “half hour wives” (The Blast 2.2 (2/15/17): 217).

Rhoda Smith

Smith, Rhoda (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in San Francisco (ME 8.6 (8/13): 175).

Lena Smitt

Smitt, Lena (nd) – attended talk on Czolgosz and was assaulted by the police; EG reported the event in Mother Earth (Nov 1906) (Falk II 197); she was sometimes called Lena Sweet (Falk II 478).

Katherine Snyder

Snyder, Katherine (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Indianapolis (ME 5.12 (2/11):  389).

Angelina Soares

Soares, Angelina (~1910 - 1985)Brazillian feminist and anarchist, she wrote for several anarchist journals, including A Lanterna, La Voz de la Unión, Voz de los Garcons, Plebe, and El Libertario ( “Angelina Soares”).

Paula Soares

Soares, Paula (nd) – Brazillian feminist and anarchist, step-mother of Angelina (“Paula Soares”).

Clara Freedman Solomon


http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/0730.htm (Accessed 08/13/11)


Solomon, Clara Freedman (1912-2000) – New York anarchist and concert pianist, she was raised at the Stelton Colony and attended the Julliard music school; she was a member of the Vanguard Group and the Libertarian Book Club. She met EG in Canada in the summer of 1932, and recalled: “Emma was a major figure of this century, a woman who was a real genius, active and verse in almost everything. She wrote and spoke very well, despite a meager formal education. I feel very privileged that I at least got a glimpse of her” (AV 448-449). With her husband Sidney Solomon, she edited Libertarian Views (Longa 126-127; Goyens 203). See her autobiographical reflection, “A Memoir: Some Anarchist Activities in New York in the ‘Thirties and ‘Forties.”

Julia Solt

Solt, Julia (nd) – wrote for Mother Earth (ME 8.4 (6/13): 126).

Juliet M. Soskice


http://www.turtlepointpress.com/catalogue/soskice-chaptersfromchildhood.html (Accessed 08/13/11)


Soskice, Juliet M. (nd) – writer with whom EG became friends when she spoke at Oxford; she was the wife of Russian revolutionist David Soskice and sister of Ford Madox Ford (LML 971).

Anna Sosnovksy


http://www.flickr.com/photos/ihynz/4617405108/in/photostream/ (Accessed 08/13/11)


Sosnovksy, Anna [later Winokour] (nd) – Russian anarchist, she named her kids after Voltairine de Cleyre and Sacco & Vanzetti. She was active at the Ferrer Center and was an ILGWU organizer in New Jersey. She participated in several anarchist colonies and attended brook Labor College with Rose Pesotta. She was the sister of Fannie Breslow and Lisa Luchkovsky. She wrote ““Garment Worker Tells about Wreck of Old Militant Union,” New Unionist (July 30, 1927) (AV 251, 253; Zimmer 114, 362).

Mrs. J. Soth

Soth, Mrs. J. (nd) – contributor to Mother Earth.

Therese Souchy

Souchy, Therese (nd) – corresponded with EG and visited her at Bon Espirit; she was married to anarchist Augustin Souchy (Microfilm reel 38).

Rose Maria R. Spanier

Spanier, Rose Maria R. (nd) – arrested with Martha Gruening on June 2, 1917 for allegedly distributing no-conscription literature (Agent Report (June 6, 1917) Microfilm  reel 57). She was the Sec’y Workmen’s Council member of the New York Publicity Committee for the Alexander Berkman San Francisco Labor Defense (Inglis 47).

Almeda Sperry

Sperry, Almeda (nd) – friend and aspiring lover of EG; Falk speculates they may have had a physical relationship (LAEG 169-176).

Nina van Zandt Spies


http://www.prison-proxy-marriage-society.org/the-story-of-nina-van-zandt-august-spies (Accessed 08/14/11)


Spies, Nina van Zandt (1862-1936) – Chicago socialite turned radical, she was the wife of Haymarket martyr August Spies; she wrote for The Social War and wrote “A Case in Point: An Illustration of the Equality of the Rich and Poor before the Law,” The Alarm, 1: 9 (Feb 25, 1888): 4, excoriating the legal system for letting wealthy men literally get away with murder while the poor are pilloried (Longa 15).

Maria Spiridonova


http://www.executedtoday.com/2009/09/11/1941-olga-kameneva-christian-rakovsky-maria-spiridonova-nkvd-orel-oryol/ (Accessed 08/14/11)


Spiridonova, Maria (1884-1941) – leader of the Left Social Revolutionaries and friend of EG, she assassinated M. Luchenovsky, Chief of Secret Police of Tambov, Russia and occupied “one of the highest places in the galaxy of the heroic women of Russia” (LML 801-804).

Ada Sprading

Sprading, Ada (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Los Angeles (ME 7.4 (6/12): 127).

Mrs. Stahl

Stahl, Mrs. (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Denver (ME 8.4 (6/13): 106).

Dolly Stamms

Stamms, Dolly (nd) – EG stayed at her studio in Paris (letter from EG to AB April 13 and 22, 1935 (Microfilm reel 34).

Elizabeth Cady Stanton


http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/elizabeth-cady-stanton/ (Accessed 08/14/11)


Stanton, Elizabeth Cady (1815-1902) – her feminist critique of Christianity was published in Lucifer, The Light Bearer in 1886; she also wrote for the Truth Seeker (Longa, 152). At her death, Lucifer printed a memorial for her (Longa 154).

Stella Starbright

Starbright, Stella (nd) – wrote “Variety – A Woman’s View,” The Firebrand 3:14 (May 9, 1897) (Longa 72)

Fan Stark

Stark, Fan (nd) – friend of EG’s in Montreal; EG mentions her in May 9, 1935 letter to Arthur Leonard Ross (Microfilm reel 34).

Mary Stechbardt

Stechbardt, Mary (nd) – worked at Stelton (MSM 298).

Molly Steimer


http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/anarchists-american-jewish-women (Accessed 08/14/11)


Steimer, Molly (18971980) – New York anarchist and member of the Frayhayt group, she was imprisoned and then deported to the U.S.S.R. (AV 61); EG met her after EG’s release from Jefferson City and they became good friends: “She was a wonderful girl, with an iron will and a tender heart, but she was fearfully set in her ideas. ‘A sort of Alexander Berkman in skirts,’ I jokingly remarked to Stella”(LML 702; Marsh 38-39)

Mrs. Steinberg

Steinberg, Mrs. (nd) – Jewish anarchist supporter of EG in Toronto (AV 79).

Virginia Snow Stephen


http://historytogo.utah.gov/utah_chapters/statehood_and_the_progressive_era/socialistwomenandjoehill.html (Accessed 08/14/11)


Stephen, Virginia Snow (1864-??) – socialist and art instructor at University of Utah, she taught an art class at Modern School in Salt Lake City; she worked for the release of Joe Hill, was fired after his execution (MSM 64-65). She helped organized EG’s Salt Lake City talks (ME 7.3 (5/12): 91).

Cora Bennett Stephenson

Stephenson, Cora Bennett (nd) – head of the New York Ferrer School after Will Durant (AV 205); she contributed to The Modern School magazine (Longa 175).

Ettie Stettheimer



Stettheimer, Ettie (nd) with her sisters Florine and Carrie, and her mother Rosetta, “their home became the premier New York salon, a center of the city’s artistic and intellectual life.”  Several participants at the Ferrer Center, including Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray, were regulars. Ettie wrote novels under the pen name Henrie Waste. She subscribed to Mother Earth (“Ettie Stettheimer, Writer”).

Anna Stirling

Stirling, Anna (nd) - member of the New York Publicity Committee for the Alexander Berkman San Francisco Labor Defense.  She subscribed to Mother Earth (Inglis 47).

Fradel Stock [Stok]

Stock [Stok], Fradel (nd) - poet published in the Yiddish anarchist paper Fraye Arbayter Shtime; she praised women’s sexual boldness (Zimmer 116).


Dr. Helene Stoecker

Stoecker, Helene, Dr .(nd) - wrote an interesting essay on Nietzsche, “The New Ethics,” for Mother Earth 2.1  (3/07): 17-23.

Helen Stokes

Stokes, Helen (nd) – wealthy socialist activist, she attended the formative Noroton conference in 1906, and was the sister-in-law of EG’s friend Rose Pastor Stokes (Falk II 216 fn 2; Hillquit 60).

Rose Pastor Stokes


http://www.marxists.org/glossary/people/album/index70.htm (Accessed 08/14/11)


Stokes, Rose Pastor (1879-1933) – labor leader, she wrote for the San Francisco Revolt; she was a member of the advisory board of the Francisco Ferrer Association, the 1909 Free Speech Committee, and the Heterodoxy Club; she attended the Noroton Conference. A friend of EG’s, they corresponded when EG was in prison but Stokes suggested EG be burned in effigy for her early criticism of Bolsheviks. Stokes handed out information on preventing contraception at the Carnegie Hall birth control meeting (Falk III J; MSM 119 fn 123; Falk II 447 fn 8; Hillquit 60; LAEG 327, LML 571; Schwartz 30).

Rachel Stone

Stone, Rachel (nd) – taught music at Sunrise Colony (AV 298).

Anna Louise Strong


http://depts.washington.edu/antiwar/pnwhistory_wwi.shtml (Accessed 08/14/11)


Strong, Anna Louise (1885-1970) – journalist, socialist, and member of the No-Conscription League, she contributed poetry to Mother Earth. She supported anarchist Louise Olivereau in her opposition to the draft during World War I (Strong and Keyssar 68).

Estelle Storrey

Storrey, Estelle (nd) – wrote on the importance of sexuality and contraception for Mother Earth 11: 2 (4/16): 492; 11:11 (1/17): 738-739; (Marsh 93).

Rose Strunsky (left) and Anna Strunsky Walling


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/fe/Strunsky_sisters.jpg/220px-Strunsky_sisters jpg (accessed 8/14/11)

Strunsky, Rose (1884-1963) – NewYork socialist, ally of EG, younger sister of Anna Strunsky Walling, and wife of Louis Lorwin; she wrote for Mother Earth, New Review, and the San Francisco Revolt (LML I 227).

Matilda Suhr

Suhr, Matilda (nd) – wrote about California hop-pickers strike, defending her husband who was wounded and framed in the strike, in“A Mother’s Appeal,” ISR 15.7 (1/15): 416-417.

Bertha von Suttner


http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1905/suttner-bio.html (Accessed 08/14/11)


Suttner, Bertha von (1843-1915) – Austrian anti-militarist writer, she helped initiate the Austrian Peace Society; she was the first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize; EG cites her (Falk II 297 fn 5)

Anita Sweedsky

Sweedsky, Anita (nd)wrote “Femminismo elettorale o Emancipazione della dona?” L’Era Nuovo (June 6, 1913) (Zimmer 169).

Wanda Swieda

Swieda, Wanda (nd) – New York and Los Angeles anarchist, she was a member of the Libertarian Book Club and wrote a weekly column for the Chicago anarchist journal Rassvet (AV 369-71).

Orsena Swinton

Swinton, Orsena (nd) - visited EG at Blackwell’s Island, and entertained EG often in her home; she worked with her husband John Swinton, a friend of EG’s, for progressive causes (LML 154-155).

Esther Swire

Swire, Esther (nd) – taught high school at Sunrise Colony (AV 298).

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T ----

Miss T.

T., Miss (nd) – the pseudonym of the woman journalist who interviewed EG and told EG about Czolsgosz’s trial. Miss T. was not an anarchist but was haunted by Czolgosz’s eyes: “Dreamers and prophets have such eyes” (LML 354).

Sarah Taback

Taback, Sarah (nd) – New York anarchist and member of the Union of Russian Workers and the Libertarian Book Club; she worked on several anarchist journals (AV 429, 430).

Hildegart Taege

Taege, Hildegart (1895-1985) – German-Polish feminist (The Anarchist Encyclopedia http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/gallery/galleryindex.htm#a) (accessed 7/25/11).

Itsue Takamure

Takamure Itsue (1894-1964) - Japanese anarchist feminist, she was a member of the anarchist group Proletarian Women Artists’ League, which published Fujin sensen (The Woman’s Front) (S &VDW 332).

Olga Taratuta


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olga_Taratuta (Accessed 08/14/11)

Taratuta, Olga (1876-1938) – Ukrainian Jewish anarchist, she worked with the journals Buntar and Golos Truda; she participated in several attentats and established the Anarchist Black Cross, which provided aid to anarchist political prisoners. The Soviet government executed her (LML, 812; “Olga Taratuta”).

Ida B. Tarbel


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6b/Ida_Tarbell_1904_crop.jpg/220px-Ida_Tarbell_1904_crop.jpg (accessed 8/14/11)


Tarbel, Ida B. (1857-1944) – progressive journalist and author, famous for taking on the Standard Oil Co., she joined the committee opposing the deportation of two San Francisco anarchists, Ferraro and Sallitto (Zimmer 412).

Essa B. Taylor

Taylor, Essa B. (nd) – reader of Lucifer, The Light Bearer, who wrote to editor Moses Harmon (Jan 19, 1898: 439) to discuss Rose Graul’s feminist novel Hilda’s Home (Passet, HH 315, 322 fn 27).

Nonore Teissier

Teissier, Nonore (nd) – French anarchist who returned from Spain and visited EG to share her experiences (EG letter to Stella, Aug 30. 1936) (Microfilm reel 38); EG stayed with her in Nice (Aug 21, 1937) (Microfilm reel 41).

Minnie Inez Termaat

Termaat, Minnie Inez (nd) +– taught at Boy Land (an anarchist-type school); when its leader, radical educator Pryns Hopkins, was arrested for violating the Espionage Act, the school closed and she went to teach at Stelton Modern School; she contributed “Children and Punishment,” to The Modern School magazine 6: 1 (Jan 1919) (MSM 270; Longa 177)).

Clara Thalmann



Thalmann, Clara (1910-1987) – Swiss revolutionary, she fought with the Durriti column in Spain during the revolution and in the French resistance during the Nazi occupation; afterwards she and her partner Pavel Thalmann created an agricultural commune called La Séréna near Nice (“Clara Thalmann”).

Dr. Maud Thompson

Thompson, Dr. Maud (nd) –she and her husband Dr. William Boehm hosted EG in Ann Arbor. “A very fine woman of tender nature,” EG recalled (LML 466).

Sybil Thorndike


http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Wthorndyke.htm (Accessed 08/14/11)


Thorndike, Sybil (1882-1976) – well-known actress, socialist and pacifist, EG contacted her in London for help arranging benefit performance for CNT-FAI; with EG and Rebecca West, she established the Committee to Aid Homeless Spanish Women and Children  (March 11, 1937) (Microfilm reel 39); (April 1 and 2, 1937) (Microfilm reel 40)

Florence C Thorne

Thorne, Florence C. (nd) – labor researcher and editor for the American Federation of Labor, she subscribed to Mother Earth (Sicherman and Green 688-689).

Johanna Altgeld Schwab Thorpe

Thorpe, Johanna Altgeld Schwab (nd) – San Francisco physician and socialist, she was the daughter of Maria Schwab and Haymarket defendant Michael Schwab, and a noted humanitarian; her parents named her after the Illinois governor who pardoned her father; she was a member of the Socialist Labor Party in San Francisco (AV 23).

Eunice Tietjens


http://highway49.library.yale.edu/awia/gallery/tietjens.htm (Accessed 08/14/11) l


Tietjens, Eunice (1884-1944) – Chicago poet who performed at the Dil Pickle Club; she co-edited Poetry: A Magazine of Verse with Harriet Monroe (Rosemont 14).

Flora Tilton

Tilton, Flora (nd) – member of executive committee of National Defense Association protesting the Comstock laws, sister of Josephine Tilton (McElroy, Ind Fem 24).

Josephine Tilton

Tilton, Josephine (nd) – wrote for Liberty; she and her sister Flora Tilton traveled as “Lady Agents” to factories and working class neighborhoods, speaking and distributing literature on birth control and labor reform (McElroy, Ind Fem 12, 24).

Edna Tobias

Tobias, Edna (nd) – wrote for I.W.W., and wrote “How to Help Yourself,” ISR 14.3 (9/13): 161-162.

Teresa Torelles Espina


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/7 (accessed 8/5/11)

Torelles Espina, Teresa (1908-1991)Barcelona anarchist and feminist, she participated in the general strike and helped run a hospital during the civil war; exiled first to France, she later moved to Argentina and then Venezuela and was active in anarchism there (Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/7 (accessed 7/29/11)

      Lucrecia Tóriz




      Tóriz, Lucrecia (1900-??) – Mexican revolutionary, she participated in the rebellion in the Orizaba Valley, inspired by the Magón brothers (Cervantes, “Lucrecia Tóriz”).

      Hortensia Torres


      http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=ca&u=http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net (Accessed 08/14/11)


      Torres, Hortensia (1924-1989) – Spanish anarchist, she worked for the SIA (International Solidary Antifascist); her father taught in a Ferrer school. She participated in reestablishing the CNT in Madrid in 1988. (The Daily Bleed, (accessed 7/25/11).

Mrs. Townsend

Townsend, Mrs. (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Los Angeles (ME 9.6 (8/14): 205).

Marguerite Tracy

Tracy, Marguerite (nd) – contributed to Open Vistas, edited by EG’s friends Hippolyte Havel and Joseph Ishill (Longa 199).

Esther Hartz Tragavilo

Tragavlio, Esther Hartz (nd) – west coast anarchist, married to Eugene Travaglio (AV 160-162).

Gertrude Traubel

Traubel, Gertrude (nd) – taught piano at New York Modern School (MSM 149, 230).

Marie Travis

Travis, Marie (nd) – taught at Boy Land (an anarchist-type school); after it was forced to close when its leader, radical educator Pryns Hopkins, was arrested for violating the Espionage Act, she went to teach at Stelton (AV 231; MSM 270).

Helga Tresca

Tresca, Helga (nd)wife of Carlos Tresca, she produced his publications when he was traveling or in jail (Zimmer 166).

Eva Trew

Trew, Eva (nd) – wrote “Sex Sterilization,” ISR 14.1 (7/1): 29-31.

Lillian Scott Troy

Troy, Lillian Scott (nd) – British labor activist who was deported from England (discussed in April 25, 1919 letter from EG in Jefferson City to Harry Weinburger in New York) (Microfilm reel 11).

Millie R. Trumbull

Trumbull, Millie R. (nd) - secretary of the Oregon Child Labor Commission, Portland, she shared a podium with Mrs. Florence Kelley at a National Child Labor meeting. She was also active in the Consumer League of Oregon, she spoke in favor of women’s suffrage at the Portland women’s club, and she praised the International Typographical Union for its equal treatment of women. She read a report on Women and Industry at the meeting of the Oregon League of Women Voters, October 20, 1920.  She subscribed to Mother Earth (Leonard 825; National Child Labor Committee; “Equal Rights Lauded”).

Eva Trupin

Trupin, Eva (nd) – lived at Sunrise Colony (AV 297).

Maryussa Tsvetkov

Tsvetkov, Maryussa (nd) - Russian revolutionary, she and her husband hosted EG in Riga when EG and AB left Russia (LML 938).

Sonya Tucker

Tucker, Sonya (nd) – Philadelphia anarchist, member of Radical Library and the Union of Russian Workers in Detroit (AV 334).

Helen Tufts

Tufts, Helen (nd) – wrote for Liberty (McElroy, Ind Fem 12) and wrote “Walt Whitman’s Love of Comrades,” Free Society 307 (Mar 31, 1901) (Longa 84).

Pauline H. Turkel

Turkel, Pauline H. (nd) – New York anarchist, secretary for ME, friend of AB and EG, she was active in labor and political prisoners protests and worked with the Provincetown Players (AV 58; D & D 115-117).

Ethel Duffy Turner

Turner, Ethel Duffy (nd) – socialist who supported the Mexican Liberal Party, she edited and wrote for the English language section of the journal Regeneración (Falk II 494, 553; Longa, 213).

Ella Twynan

Twynan, Ella (nd) – British anarchist, secularist, and anti-militarist, she was part of an international anti-war delegation to Sweden during World War I. Her partner was Ambrose Barker (Meltzer).



U ----

Geraldine Udell

Udell, Geraldine (nd) – helped run the Radical Bookshop in Chicago; she was the daughter of Lillian Udell (Rosemont, 30, 86).

Lillian Udell

Udell, Lillian (nd) – she wrote “Revolutionary Essays,” ISR 15.1 (7/14): 38-39; she was the mother in a family of anarchists who ran the Radical Bookshop in Chicago, a meeting place of socialists and anarchists (Rosemont 10, 15, 30).

Phyllis Udell

Udell, Phyllis (nd) –helped run the Radical Bookshop in Chicago; she was the daughter of Lillian Udell (Rosemont 30).

Grace Umrath

Umrath, Grace (nd) –dancer in New York, librarian in CA; she was the grandaughter of anarchists Abe and Mary Isaak and was immersed in the anarchist movement as a child (AV 23).

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V ----

Kallen Fadiman Van Doren

Van Doren, Kallen Fadiman (nd) – EG sent clipping to AB about Van Doren’s resignation from the International Labor Defense League (Jan 5, 1935) (Microfilm reel 33).

Miss Van Etton

Van Etton, Miss (nd) – “an energetic trade unionist,” (LML 178); Havel says EG met her at Justus Schwab’s saloon (A&OE 23).

Sophie [Beldner] Vasilio

Vasilio, Sophie [Beldner] (nd) – I.W.W. member in San Francisco, she wrote “Women of the I.W.W,” The Industrial Union Bulletin (April 25, 1908), calling for recognition of housework as productive labor and urging organizing housewives (Zimmer 235).

Gràcia Ventura Fortea


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/7 (Accessed 08/11/11)

Ventura Fortea, Gràcia (1918 -?) –Spanish anarchist and feminist, she fought in the revolution and later helped revive the journal Mujeres Libres (1971-76) and in 2004 helped to revive the journal Siembra (Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/7 (accessed 7/29/11).

Amèlia Velasco Jover


http://www.estelnegre.org/documents/ameliajover/ameliajover.html (Accessed 08/11/11)

Velasco Jover, Amèlia (1910-1997) – Spanish anarchist, active in the CNT and FAI, she wrote several articles for the journal Senderos; after the fascist victory she was imprisoned, then exiled in Tunisia and France, where she stayed active in anarchist projects (Anarcofemèrides  http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/19 (accessed 8/1/11).

Sarah Vermehren

Vermehren, Sarah – attended EG’s talks in Omaha (ME 7.2 (4/12): 54).

Madeline Verne


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/6 (Accessed 08/14/11)

Verne, Madeline – Madeleine Eugenie Cavelier] (1878-1949) – French teacher and prolific writer, she worked with anarchists and socialists on antimilitarist, feminist and educational projects. She followed the educational approach of anarchists Ferrer and Faure, and wrote for Le Libertaire, anarchy, Les Temps Nouveaux, La Paix, La Paix organisée, and La Voix Libertaire. During the Nazi occupation she participated in nonviolent resistance actions. EG encountered her work on contraception at a secret meeting of the neo-Malthusian Congress in Paris in 1899 where EG was seeking information on birth control (LML 272-273; Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/6 (accessed 8/1/11).

Isabel Vilà i Pujol


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/post/89886 (Accessed 08/14/11)

Vilà i Pujol, Isabel(1843-1896) – Spanish anarchist, educator, and labor activist, she was known for her campaign to limit the working day of children to five hours, earning her the nickname Isabel Cinc Hores. Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/17 (accessed 8/1/11).

Soledad Villafranca


http://aoiz.bilaketa.com/archivo/12/Retrato/ (Accessed 08/14/11)

Villafranca, Soledad (nd) – President, “The International League for the Rational Education of Children” Mother Earth V no. 5 (July 1910): 151-158. She was the partner of anarchist educator Francisco Ferrer, and was involved with the Barcelona Modern School; she was arrested during the Tragic Week (July 25-Aug 1, 1909) when Ferrer was executed (Marquesán Millán).

María Andrea Villarreal González

Villarreal González, María Andrea (1881-1963) – Mexican revolutionary, she wrote for Regeneración; she was the sister of Antonio Villarreal (“Andrea Villarreal”).

Justinià Villaverde

Villaverde, Justinià (nd) – Spanish anarchist, she fought with the CNT/FAI during the Spanish revolution (The Anarchist Encyclopedia http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/gallery/galleryindex.htm#a) (accessed 7/25/11).

Delores Vimes Domínguez


http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/8 (Accessed 08/14/11)

Vimes Domínguez, Delores (1911-2007) – Spanish anarchist, she was active in the CNT; she was the companion of José Teyssiere Gómez (Anarcofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/8 (accessed 7/29/11).

Pearl Vogel

Vogel, Pearl (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in San Francisco (ME 8.6 (8/13): 175).

Mary Heaton O'Brien Vorse


http://123nonstop.com/biography/Vorse,_Mary_Heaton (Accessed 08/14/11)


Vorse, Mary Heaton O’Brien (1874-1966) – New England writer and labor supporter, she covered the textile strikes in Lawrence, MA in 1912 and steel strikes in 1937; she wrote for The Masses; helped organize Labor Defense Committee (AV 216; Hillquit, 224); and  wrote “In Bayonne” for AB’s journal The Blast (1.21 (Nov 1, 1915): 731). She covered the Mesabi Range miners strike for New York magazines in 1916 (Stansell 184). EG described her as “an intimate of my New York circle…a kind soul and a charming companion;” yet, to EG’s great disappointment, she stayed away from EG and AB in Russia when warned to do so by her Bolshevik handlers (LML 906). She joined the committee opposing the deportation of two San Francisco anarchists, Ferraro and Sallitto, in 1936 (Zimmer 412).

Gertie Vorse

Vose, Gertie (nd) - she contributed to the anarchist journal The Demonstrator (Longa 44); she was the mother of Donald Vose; EG visited her in Home Colony, Washington (ME 9.7 (9/14) (LML 545).

Andrea Villarreal Gonzalez

Gonzalez, Andrea Villarreal – Mexican anarchist, active in magónista movement, she edited Mujer Moderna (“Modern Woman”); she was active in the PLM leadership when it was located in St. Louis; she was the sister of Teresa Gonzalez (S &VDW, 334).


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W ----

Elizabeth Waddell

Waddell, Elizabeth (nd) – wrote poetry for Everyman, including “The Little Old Woman,” a poem honoring Mother Jones in Everyman 10:2-3 (April-May 1914): 8-11; Mary Field and EG’s friend Leonard Abbott also contributed.

Lois Waisbrooker


http://askbluey.com/Image?q=Lois+Waisbrooker (Accessed 08/14/11)


Waisbrooker, Lois (1826-1909) – freethinker and sex rebel who tried to radicalize women in the spiritualist movement, she was an itinerant lecturer and novelist; she edited three journals – Our Age, Foundational Principles, and Clothed with the Sun – as well as serving as acting editor for Lucifer, The Light Bearer, in 1892-93 while Moses Harman served a prison term; she was prosecuted under Comstock laws for “filthy publications,” and lived for a time at Home Colony (Longa 39, 74); she also wrote for Liberty  and Free Society; defended free love but condemned homosexuality (McElroy, Ind Fem 12; Kissack 37-38; Passet, Sex Rad, 112-121; Longa 81, 149; Marsh 71-74). Historian Joanne Passet succinctly describes Waisbrooker’s message: “women must free themselves because no one else will” (Sex Rad 116).

Lillian Wald


http://www.vnsny.org/community/our-history/lillian-wald/(Accessed 08/14/11)


Wald, Lillian (1867-1940) –nurse, pacifist, suffragist, health reformer, she was the founder of Henry Street Settlement in New York; she helped found the Women’s Trade Union League and supported the cloakmakers strike of 1910; she maintained a friendship with Russian revolutionary Catherine Breshkovskaya; she corresponded with EG (Falk II 141, 545-546); EG met her at the Henry Street settlement house, where EG’s friend Emma Lee worked. Goldman noted, “They were genuinely concerned with the people of the East Side” (LML 160). EG corresponded with Wald in Jefferson City Prison (letter from EG to Stella in Provincetown, Aug 15, 1919 (Microfilm reel 11).

Maud Walker

Walker, Maud (nd) – member of Free Speech Committee (ME 4.4 (6/09).

Anna Strunsky Walling


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/d/d1/Anna_Strunsky.jpg(Accessed 08/14/11)


Walling, Anna Strunsky (1877-1964) – San Francisco socialist, author; birth control activist, and good friends with EG, though they disagreed on the potential of suffrage to liberate women; Walling introduced EG to Jack London; she was a member of the 1909 Free Speech Committee and signed the Free Speech document published in Mother Earth (June 1909); she wrote “The Revolutionist and War,” Mother Earth 10:4 (June 1915), spoke at Stelton Colony, and worked with W.E.B. DuBois to put out the Crisis for the NAACP (LML 569, 227; MSM 275; Falk II 447, fn 8; Stansell 67).

Esther Walters

Walters, Esther (nd) – resident of Stelton Colony and April Farm community in Quakerstown, PA (AV 251).

Anna E. Walton

Walton, Anna E. (nd) – writing from Muscatine, Iowa, she and Fanny Robbins corresponded with and sponsored some issues of the anarchist journal The Beacon (2: 11 (April 18, 1891) and 2: 12 (April 25, 1891) (Longa 27).

Rebecca Warren

Warren, Rebecca (nd) – Detroit anarchist, member of Fraye Arbeter Shtime Group (AV 380).

Albina L. Washburn

Washburn, Albina L. (nd) – Colorado suffragist and member of the populist Grange movement, she wrote “Lucifer Under the Ban” for Lucifer 1002 (Jan 7, 1904) when 75 year old editor Moses Harmon was arrested on obscenity charges, convicted, and sentenced to one year of hard labor breaking rocks in Joliet prison (Longa 164).

Charlotte Watson

Watson, Charlotte (nd) - contributed to a symposium on Mary Wollstonecraft in Lucifer, The Light Bearer 967 (April 30, 1903) (Longa 154).

Beatrice Webb


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Beatrice_Webb%2C_c1875.jpg/220px-Beatrice_Webb%2C_c1875.jpg (accessed 8/14/11)


Webb Beatrice (1858-1943) – English socialist, she visited the Ferrer Center (AV 212).

Helen Webster

Webster, Helen (nd) – wrote “Why Should Love Die?” Lucifer, The Light Bearer 867 (June 1, 1901) (Longa 160).

Ida Ahlborn Weeks

Weeks, Ida Ahlborn (nd) – contributed poetry to Mother Earth 5:6 (8/10): 184.

Simone Weil


http://www.famouspeopleinfo.com/simone-weil-mystical-path-and-revolutionaries/ (Accessed 08/14/11)


Weil, Simone (1909-1943) – French philosopher, mystic, and writer, she participated in the general strike of 1933 and fought with the Sebastien Faure section of the anarchist militias during the Spanish revolution. She was active in the French resistance during World War II. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simone_Weil (accessed 7/6/11)

Yetta Weinberg

Weinberg, Yetta (nd) – organized the cloak makers and cigar makers unions in Philadelphia; she was the wife of Chaim Weinberg (AV 279).

Vera Buch Weisbord

Weisbord, Vera Buch (nd) – I.W.W. activist, communist, and leader in the 1929 textile strikes in Gastonia, North Carolina, she was an admirer of anarchist Lucy Parsons. (Alsbaugh)

Grace (Kimmerling) Wellington

Wellington, Grace (Kimmerling) (nd) – EG wrote to her, asking for more information about the Latin Quarter-ly and its anarchist editors; EG reassured Wellington of the worth of her work (Feb 9, 1935) (Microfilm reel 33).

Eleanor Wentworth

Wentworth, Eleanor (nd) – contributed to Why? and reviewed art for ISR (“Outcasts,” ISR 16.7 (1/16): 418-419) (Longa 269).

Helen West

West, Helen (nd) – attended Robert Henri’s and George Bellow’s art class at the Ferrer Center (MSM 159).

Rebecca West


http://www.tbcs.org.uk/rebecca_west.htm (Accessed 08/14/11)


West, Rebecca (1892-1983) – English novelist, friend and supporter of EG; she wrote the preface to EG’s My Disillusionment in Russia (LML 964, 967; AV 494 fn 173).

Dorothy Westen

Westen, Dorothy (nd) – assistant editor of The Catholic Worker (with Dorothy Day), a militant socialist, pro-labor, anti-racist and anti-war journal (The Catholic Worker, 1 (July-August 1933).

Jessie Bell Westwater

Westwater, Jessie Bell (nd) – sister of EG’s friend Tom Bell, she immigrated with her brother and his wife Lizzie Turner Bell from Glassglow to the U.S. in 1911 and was active in the anarchist movement (“Revolutionary Portraits – Tom Bell”).

Ellen Wetherell

Wetherell, Ellen (nd) - wrote “Among the Common Mills,” ISR 14.7 (1/14): 416-419.

Anna Wexler

Wexler, Anna (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Washington, D.C (ME 10.4 6/15); sent roses to EG in Jefferson City (May 4, 1919 letter to Stella Ballantine) (Microfilm reel 11).

Monica Whately

Whately, Monica (nd) – met with EG and other anarchists to discuss using the film “Fury over Spain” for propaganda purposes (July 25, 1937 letter from EG to Auntie Martha Gordon Crotch) (Microfilm reel 40); EG sought the help of Whately and her Six Point Group to protest the jailing of anarchists by the Republican government in Spain (Microfilm reels 40 and 41).

Lillie D. White

White, Lillie D. (nd) – founding member of the Women’s National Liberal Union (a “radical women’s society” organized by Matilda Gage (Marsh 60); she wrote “Variety” for The Firebrand 3:17 (May 30, 1897) and contributed to Lois Waisbrooker’s Foundation Principles (Longa 72, 75); she also co-edited Lucifer, the Light Bearer, with Moses Harmon in 1892-93, defended the rights of children to control their own lives,  and later wrote an essay, “Who Shall Say Who Are Radicals,” Lucifer 995 (Nov 12, 1903) (Longa 149, 163; McElroy, Lib 82 fn 19).

Mabel White

White, Mabel (nd) – free speech advocate in Worcester, MA; she and her husband Rev Eliot White offered their home to EG to speak when the chief of police and major forbade it (LML 455).

Celia B. Whitehead

Whitehead, Celia B. – wrote “The Deportation of Anarchists,” Free Society 338 (Dec 1, 1901) and contributed to Lucifer, The Light Bearer, including participating in a symposium on Mary Wollstonecraft in Lucifer 967 (April 30, 1903) (Longa 89, 154).

Ruth Widen

Widen, Ruth (nd) - co-editor of Latin Quarter-ly which was sent to EG by Grace K. Wellington in 1935.

June Wiener

Wiener, June (nd) – friend of EG; with her partner Beryl Bolton, she ran The Green Mask, a gay-friendly club in Chicago in the 1920s “combining literary and political modernism with sexual and gender liberalism” (Kissack 174).

Elsie Cole Wilcox

Wilcox, Elsie Cole (nd) – Lawrence, Washington reader of Lucifer, The Light-Bearer, who wrote to editor Moses Harmon (Jan 6, 1897: 8) to discuss Rose Graul’s feminist novel Hilda’s Home (Passet, HH 313, 321 fn 20); she later wrote “Some Reasons Why Love Should Die,” Lucifer 876 (Aug 3, 1901) (Longa 160).

Lily Gair Wilkinson

Wilkinson, Lily Gair (nd) – her 1914 novel Women’s Freedom praised EG’s radicalism, and was excerpted in Hippolyte Havel’s journal The Revolutionary Almanac; she also wrote for The Woman Rebel (Longa, 228, 278).

Catina D'Amico Willman

Willman, Catina D’Amico (nd) – Brooklyn anarchist, she participated in amateur theater productions, and supported Sacco & Vanzetti (AV 111).

Charlotte M. Wilson

Wilson, Charlotte M. (1854-1944) – British anarchist and early member of the Fabian Society, she co-edited the London journal Freedom with Peter Kropotkin (McElroy, Lib 171 fn 46).

Helen Wilson

Wilson, Helen (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Portland (ME 9.7 9/14).

Mary F. Winnen

Winnen, Mary F. (nd) – contributed to the Magón brothers journal Regeneración (Longa 211).

Sonia Winston

Winston, Sonia (nd) – wrote “Women, the Glory of the Russian Revolution,” for Altruria 2:1 (July 1907) (Longa, 18).

Fanny Wishnak

Wishnak, Fanny (nd) – member of Anarchist Red Cross in New York (AV 377).

Miss Wittenberg

Wittenberg, Miss (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Portland (ME 9.7 9/14).

Ada Wolfe

Wolfe, Ada (nd) – helped organize EG’s talks in Minneapolis (ME 7.2 94/12): 52-53).

Lillian Wolfe

Wolfe, Lillian (1875-1975) – British feminist and anarchist, she worked with Freedom Press and War Resisters International and was a founding contributor to the anarchist journal The Voice of Labor. With her partner Thomas Keel she was arrested in 1916 for opposing conscription. Until the age of 95, she managed the Freedom Press bookstore. She took care of EG’s correspondence and materials related to Spain (EG to Wolfe Feb 19, 1939 letter, Microfilm reel 45; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lilian_Wolfe  (accessed 7/25/11).

Kate Blackman Wolfson

Wolfson, Kate Blackman (nd) –New York and Philadelphia anarchist who attended anarchist Sunday School in Radical Library and lived at Stelton Colony; she was a friend of EG and AB, and visited EG in St. Tropez. Her daughters attended the Modern School and she directed the Grand Street Settlement child care center (AV 73-75).

Victoria Woodhull


http://www.antjeschrupp.de/woodhull/fotogalerie.htm (08/14/11)


Woodhull, Victoria (1838-1927) – radical feminist, sex radical, lover of Benjamin Tucker; she combined radical politics with spiritualism (Passat, Sex Rad 112; Marsh 70-71).

Bella Friedman Wong

Wong, Bella Friedman (nd) Polish Jewish anarchist married to Eddie Wong, a member of the Pingshe Group of Chinese anarchists in San Francisco; they were active in the New York City International Group in 1929 and the Vanguard Group (Zimmer, 393, 402-203).

Zhihui Wu

Wu Zhihui (nd) – Chinese anarchist and feminist based in Tokyo (S&VDW 324).

Florence Wyle

Wyle, Florence (EG confuses her name as Frances Wylie in LML 990) (1881-1968) – sculptor who, with partner Frances Loring, arranged EG’s drama lectures in Toronto; also helped EG organize a campaign against corporal punishment in Toronto’s schools (LML 992).

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Madame X.

X, Madame (nd) – chair of the Political Red Cross, aided political resisters in the USSR; “a beautiful woman with snowy white hair and large, tender blue eyes…the best type of the old Russian idealist” (LML 818-820).

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Dr. Miriam (Beckie) Yampolsky

Yampolsky, Dr. Miriam (Beckie) (nd) – Chicago anarchist, physician, and birth control advocate, she helped organize EG’s Chicago talks; she also helped draft a flier to Chicago residents on Lazarus Averbuch’s alleged assassination attempt against Chief of Police George Shippy. She was co-organizer of the Edelstadt group in Chicago, and companion to anarchist and physician William Nathanson (ME 7.2 (4/12): 52-53; Falk II 283, 466 fn 4, 547-548).

Rachelle Slobodinsky Yaros

Yaros, Rachelle Slobodinsky (nd) – anarchist physician, she was a venereal disease specialist who lived and worked at Hull House; she wrote for Liberty (AV 13, 479 fn 32).

Fanny Yellin

Yellin, Fanny (nd) – anarchist active in Philadelphia and Los Angeles, connected to Rudolf Rocker (Tamiment Oral History Collection accessed 8/16/11).

Katherina Yevzerov-Merison

Yevzerov-Merison, Katherina (nd)physician, she migrated from Russia to the U.S. in 1888 and wrote extensively on “the woman question” for the anarchist and socialist press; unlike EG, she accepted suffrage as a step in a larger process of change; she was married to Jacob Merison (Zimmer 114-115).

Esther Yuster

Yuster, Esther (nd) – anarchist, mother of Marie and Rose Yuster (MSM 189). She is sometimes called Mother Yuster.  She spoke at the No Conscription Meeting, Hunter’s Point, June 4, 1917 (The Blast 2: 5, p. 1242).

Romany Marie Yuster


http://www.observatorcultural.ro/Boema-intre-provincie-si-centru*articleID_23453-articles_details.html (Accesed 08/13/11)


Yuster, Romany Marie (nd) – anarchist, visitor to Stelton, colorful host of a Greenwich Village tearoom that was a gathering place for radicals and bohemians; she participated in leafleting for free Speech in Tarrytown, New York (AV 233; MSM 127; ME 9.4 (6/14): 110)

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Gertrude Zahler

Gertrude Zahler (nd) – friend, host, and supporter in Montreal; married to Max Zahler (M&M 42-43; LML 992).

Giuditta Maria (Yudith) Zanella



Zanella, Giuditta Maria (Yudith) (1885-1962) – Italian anarchist, she was connected to the journals Le Réveil and Cronica Sovversiva; she participated in the Durutti column during the Spanish revolution (Anarofemèrides http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/page/10 (accessed 7/29/11).

Vera Zasulich


http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSzasulich.htm (Accessed 08/14/11)


Zasulich, Vera (1849-1919) – Russian revolutionary whose attentat against Colonel Theodore Trepov, the brutal governor of St. Petersburg, inspired EG’s sympathies with nihilism as a child (LML 28); Zassulich and Piere Lavroff’s essay, “Appeal of the Nihilists,” was published in Liberty 13 (Jan 21, 1882).

Maria Zazzi

Zazzi, Maria (nd) - Italian anarchist who participated in solidarity work across Europe; she was known as “Aunt Marie” because she often visited political prisoners by pretending to be their aunt. With two comrades, she organized a general strike in Belgium to protest the execution of Sacco and Vanzetti; in her later years, her home was a gathering place for young anarchists (Heath, “Zazzi, Maria”).

Bessie Zeglin

Zeglin, Bessie [sometimes Zoglin] (nd) – organized The Women’s Tea Club, Kansas City, MO, to support political prisoners at Leavenworth Federal Prison. She helped arrange EG’s lectures in Kansas City. She became a Labor Zionist in the 1920s (AV 335-336; Yelensky, 29).

Clara Zetkin


http://www.marxists.org/archive/zetkin/ (Accessed 08/14/11)


Zetkin, Clara (1857-1933) – “famous old Social Democrat, who was now high in the councils of the [Soviet] government;” she met with EG and tried to help Maria Spiridonovna to be released from Russian prison (LML 915).

Pauline Zimmerman

Zimmerman, Pauline (nd) - contributed to EG’s and AB’s Political Defense Fund, Oct 16 – Feb 15, 1918; the fund also raised money for Louise Olivereau’s appeals as well as other imprisoned radicals. She subscribed to Mother Earth (Inglis 88).

Doris Zhook

Zhook, Doris (nd) – friend and comrade of EG’s, she hosted EG in London (AV 494, fn 174, 66; LML 962, 971).

Marguerite Zorach


http://exitfive.com/zorach/marguerite.html (Accessed 08/14/11)


Zorach, Marguerite (1887-1968) – artist who attended Henri’s and Bellow’s class at Ferrer Center (MSM 159).


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updated 9/21/11

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